Tehran city

   

Tehran city

Eilam

tehran

The Great Capital

Introduction

Tehran is the capital of Iran and also the capital of Tehran province. Tehran is also considered to be the largest and most populous city in Iran with 15,232.564 people. Tehran is the second-largest city in western Asia, the third largest city in the Middle East and the twenty-ninth largest city in the world. In 1161 AH, Aqa Mohammad Khan Qjar,  elected Tehran as his capital. At present, there are many different tribes living in the city. The Persian is the common language of Tehran with the accent of Tehrani. The majority of Tehran's population are Shiite Muslims and Sunni and Christian minorities. Tehran is considered an economic pole of Iran, as 30% of the labor force and 45% of the country's companies and industries are concentrated in this city. Tehran is also considered one of the major destinations of the country due to the presence of many cultural attractions.







Weather

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Tehran features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk) with continental climate characteristics and a Mediterranean climate precipitation patternIt can be generally described as mild in spring and autumn, hot and dry in summer, and cold and wet in winter.

Famous Places




 Sled of Tehran:                                                                                                                                                                                                                

If you are looking for a totally exciting, yet safe trip in Tehran, the sled of Tehran is a great offer for you, designed as a monorail inspired recreational device with this major difference that allows users to adjust its speed and increase it. The sleds feature a 30-meter waterfall, family cellar, children's playground, bike riding tracks, unobtrusive greenery, and more.













Farasa carting:                                                                                                                                                                                                         
You like to experience the thrill and the joy of speed together!  The "Farsa Carting " is a good and safe atmosphere for fun, allowing you to enjoy the high speed you enjoy as much as you like. Also, here you can be a good place to spend your time with friends or family. If you were on this track and would like to have a fresh drink or food, do not worry because there is also a restaurant and a coffee shop here.








Azadi Tower:                                                                                                                                                                                              
The year 1345 was intended to be a symbol for Tehran. The icon design was put into a competition and the design of a 24-year-old student graduated from the University of Tehran was selected and selected for construction. The construction of the tower began on November 11, 1348, and began to operate after 28 months of work on January 24, 1350. The architecture of the Azadi Tower is a combination of three types of architecture that was performed in Achaemenid, Sassanid, and Islamic periods. The length of the freedom tower is 63 meters and its height is 45 meters. The main arch height is 31 meters. All spaces in the Liberty suite are designed in such a way that the use of it is most of the aspect of the exhibition; it can be understood from a large number of halls and museums underneath the building. You can reach the top by stairs or lift. At the base are galleries with changing exhibitions and a cafe. To reach the tower, which sits in a large oval park, you'll need to tentatively negotiate the maelstrom of traffic that is an almost constant feature of the square.
Azadi Sq was the scene of much protest during the 1979 revolution and remains a focal point for demonstrations today, including some huge demonstrations during the post-election crisis in 2009.







Milad Tower:
Milad Tower is the tallest skyscraper in Iran and the sixth tall tower in the world. This telecommunication and multipurpose tower, located at the Tehran International Telecommunication Center, in the northwest of Tehran. Milad Tower is 435m high, including 120m of antenna, making it, in 2017, the world’s sixth-tallest free-standing tower. Bearing a striking resemblance to Menara Kuala Lumpur, its octagonal concrete shaft tapers up to a pod with 12 floors, including both enclosed and open observation decks, a gallery, a cafe and a revolving restaurant. In 2012, Zaha Hadid won the design competition for the second phase of the site, a plan which would involve a couple more lower-rise towers. So far, though, construction is yet to commence.












 Doctor Hesabi Museum:
The Doctor Hesabi Museum opened several months after the death of Doctor Hesabi, in late 1992 at his residential home. The building’s date back to  the 1310s. The museum is located on the 3rd floor and on the western side of the house, an accountant, and its about 40 square meters.
This museum contains:personal belongings,education and scientific documents, medals, memorial tables, old and new photographs, scientific and cultural works,books,compilations,literal and cultural and scientific hand-written,pictorial and scientific accounts of his theory…,letters,scientific and political correspondence, notes, speeches and old documents…








National jewelry Museum:                                                                                                                

The history of Iranian jewelry begins since Safavid rule, because there were no precious jewels in the state treasury before Safavid, and according to the writings of foreign tourists, the Safavid kings collected jewels for more than two centuries (907 to 1148 AH), and even experts from the Safavid state of jewels They bought Indian and Ottoman markets and countries such as France and Italy and brought it to Isfahan, the capital of the government.





 






Museum and Miniature Garden:

The Miniature Garden is one of the exclusive gardens in the province of Tehran. It is the first miniature garden to be made in order to display the miniatures of the World Heritage Sites of Iran listed on the UNESCO list (such as Persepolis, Choghazenbil,  Naghsh-e-Jahan Square, Bam Arg, Soltanieh Dome, etc.), in which models and Buildings are displayed in very small sizes. In fact, this garden is a mix of recreation and education.
The miniature garden is about 3 hectares, and the models establishment has been formed according to the geographic directions of Iran. For example, the Persian Gulf is located in the southern part of the complex, Imam Square of Isfahan, in the central section and the historic complex of Bisotun in the west of garden.









Tehran Birds Garden:

Tehran’s bird’s garden with a total area of 23 hectares is located in the northeast of Tehran on the street. The garden was officially opened in May 2013 and currently 57 species of birds are kept, such as pigeons, parrots, ducks, swans, geese, owls, hawks, eagles, peacocks, and so on. The most interesting thing about this garden is that most of the birds are kept outdoors.











Golestan Palace:
The glories and excesses of the Qajar rulers are played out across this complex of grand buildings decorated with beautifully painted tiles and set around an elegant garden that's worth visiting in its own right. There are separate tickets for nine different sections, which you need to buy at the gate: the ones worth paying extra for are the Main Halls, which includes the spectacular Mirror Hall, and the Negar Khaneh (Iranian Painting Gallery).Although there was a Safavid-era citadel on this site, it was Nasser al-Din Shah (r 1848–96), impressed by what he’d seen of European palaces, who created the ‘Palace of Flowers’ you see today. Originally it was much bigger, with inner and outer sections to encompass offices, ministries and private living quarters, but several surrounding buildings were pulled down under the Pahlavis.    








Sa’d Abad Museum Complex:

Sprawling across the foothills of Darband, this estate was a summer home to royals since the Qajar dynasty, although it was the Pahlavis who expanded it to the site you see today. Covering 110 hectares and comprising 18 separate buildings, it will take you a good three hours to see everything. For a glimpse into the luxurious life of the shahs, don't miss the extravagant 54-room White Palace, built in the 1930s. The more classical-looking Green Palace dates from the end of the Qajar era.
Other highlights include the eclectic Nations Art Museum, found in the basement of the White Palace, and the well-curated Fine Art Museum. And for those whose tastes run to particular subjects, there are exhibitions covering royal vehicles, military paraphernalia, royal costumes and even royal tableware. The museum-complex grounds are also a pleasant place for strolling.










Niavaran Palace:

Niavaran palace compound is one the two such places at the southern foothills of Alborz mountains located at North Tehran. The other one is Sa’ad Abad palace compound. Both of them were built at a time when the city of Tehran was not so extended to all the way to its northern part, in 19th century. Naser al-Din Shah of Qajar dynasty first constructed his summer resort at northern part of the city.










Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine:                                                                                                                     

The Shāh Abdol Azīm Shrine (Persian: شاه عبدالعظیم‎), located in Rey, Iran, contains the tomb of: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm ibn ‘Abdillāh al-Hasanī (aka. Shah Abdol Azim). Shah Abdol Azim was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan ibn ‘Alī and a companion of Muhammad al-Taqī. He was entombed here after his death in the 9th century.The whole construction consists of a portal with a lofty Iwan decorated with mirrors, several courtyards, a golden cupola, two tile minarets, a portico, a sepulcher, and a mosque.
The most historical and portable relic of this holy place, is its costly box which is made of betel-nut wood. On four sides of this precious box, a relief inscription in Nastaliq and Tulth characters, is carved. The inscription ends with the date 1330 CE, and the name of the maker of the box, i.e., Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Isfahani.
An inlaid door near the mausoleum of Nasser al-Din Shah, (This place used to be called Masjid-i-Holaku, prior to its being turned into a tomb) which bears the date 1450 CE, i.e., the period of Shah-rokh Bahadur Timurid`s reign, constitutes another historical relic of this structure.Two antique iron doors which are engraved with Kufic inscriptions are to be found in the treasure-house of the (Astaneh), which seem to be the oldest remains of this structure and to belong to the Seljukid period. But, at present, these two doors and the concluding part of their inscriptions bear the date 1538. Further, there is an inlaid door which had formerly been installed in the northern part of the ivan of Imamzadeh Hamzeh. This door has an inscription in Tulth calligraphy, dated 1512. The cupola of this structure has been built upon the order of Majd al-Mulk radestani Qomi, and later on has been plated with gold. The ivan, portico and portal of the building date from the reign of Shah Tahmasp I (Safavid king). The gold-threaded silk belonging to the Safavid period. The silver-plated sepulcher has been made and installed by the order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. The mirror-work, paintings and gildings of the structure belong to the 19th century. Reparations are still being carried out in this complex of holy structures. Adjoining this holy tomb, there are some other tombs belonging to the Qajar monarchs, and the Ulamahs (religious scholars) and other personalities.






Tabiat Pedestrian Bridge:

Tabiat Bridge is the largest pedestrian bridge built so far in Iran. Located in north of Tehran, it connects two public parks by spanning over Shahid Modarres, one of the major highways of the city. ‘Tabiat’ means ‘Nature’ in Persian language.The bridge is about 270 meters long and consists of a 3 dimensional truss with two continuous levels that sits on three tree shape columns. There are two platforms on top of the main columns forming the 3rd level viewpoints. All the levels are connected to each other by stairs and multiple ramps, providing multiple paths throughout the bridge to get from each level to another. Even though the bridges are usually considered as structural projects, here the approach is more architectural.







Ab-o-Atash Park:
                                                                                                                                                     
 (Persian: پارکِ آب و آتش‎‎, Pārk-e Āb-o-Ātaš), literally the "Water-and-Fire Park", also known as the Ebrahim Park (Persian: پارکِ ابراهیم‎‎, Pārk-e Ebrāhim), is a park in northern Tehran, Iran. With an area over 24000 square meters.The park has an exclusive area designed for water-playing, alongside four fire-towers which make fire flames as high as 6 to 8 meters, with the whole presentation accompanied by music. There is also an amphitheater in the park, with a 700-meter tent which has a capacity of 370 people. Other features of the park include horse training, a light house, gazebos, and several interior cafeterias.Ab-o-Atash Park is connected to Nowruz Park by the suspension bridge of Abrisham, and to Taleqani Forest Park by the largest pedestrian overpass of Tehran, Tabiat Bridge. It is also attached to Banader Park, with a light house in between.






Chitgar Lake:
                                                                                                                                                            
Chitgar Lake or Shohaday-e-khalij-e-fars Lake is an artificial lake located in North-West of Tehran and in 22nd district of municipality of Tehran. The total extent of the area is about 250 acres from which 130 acres is pond (lake) and the rest is coastal zone, and next to it a recreational complex of 120 acres is constructed on the land. Chitgar artificial Lake is located in the north of Chitgar forest park, and from the south the lake reaches Tehran-Karaj freeway, north of it goes to Hemmat highway, east of it reaches Azadegan highway, and it is limited to the residential zone of 22nd district of Tehran municipality from the West.








Omidvar Brothers' Museum:                                                                                                                               
In 1954, Issa and Abdullah Omidvar, tow enthusiastic and daring Iranian brothers, desided to go beyond their countr's boundaries adn discover the world.Their eagerness for reaching faraway lands took them into an incomparable adventure that kept them traveling across the most recondite territories on earth for ten years.In those days, in which there were no travelfacilities to speak of.The started their adventures on tow motorcycle from Tehran to Mashad, continuing then on route of the orient.As part of this adventure, unique in the Iranian history, they crossed burning deserts, the dense forests of the Amazon, the Itori forest of the central Africa, the Australian continent with its Aborigines. In I957 they traveled to the frozen lands of Arctic and lived with the Eskimos, in I966 they were the first from Asia to explore the Antarctica with the scientific expedition of Chile.They experimented the day-to-day living with the most primitive tribes under the harshest climates, acknowledging realities dramatically different from their prior experiences.The brothers returned to their homeland in I964 after 7 years of adventures. Nevertheless, the planet’s mysterious lure and the differences and similarities of its inhabitants soon prompted them into another adventure, this time the idea was to explore the African continent, thus beginning a three years to travel via Kuwait and Saudi Arabia by a faithful Citroen 2CV as their third travel companion.The fruits of their exploration are, among others, a great photographic and documentary films, hunting equipment and household utensils from diverse primitive tribes.With such a treasure, unique in its kind, this museum illustrates the wealth, complexity and diversity of human culture and in many cases, of human organization that succumbed, victims of the world’s explosive development.This is why the collection exhibited in this museum is a mute and loyal testimony of the outstanding and courageous prowess carried out in I0 years of toil by these two brothers, Issa and Abdullah Omidvar. We invite you to enjoy it.






Park-e Jamshidieh:                                                                                                                                                     
In the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, at the northernmost reaches of the city, is Jamshidieh Park, a favorite for budding mountaineers, hikers, and anyone who enjoys a good view. The park climbs up the mountainside, and the higher you ascend, the more rewarding the panoramic view of the city below. The air is fresh and being so far from Tehran’s hubbub, there is a sense of privacy that makes the park popular with young Iranian couples. Particularly picturesque after the first snowfall of winter, the park also has a restaurant and teahouse in the center.




  


Masoudieh Palace:                                                                                                                                                                     
Masoudieh Palace (Emarat-e Masoudieh) is one of the most beautiful palaces or historical houses from Qajar dynasty in old Tehran near Baharestan Square, comprised of a palace and surrounding houses.It was built in 1879 for the prince Mass’oud Mirza (Zell-e Soltan) - the son of Nasseredin Shah and the governor of Isfahan - as his residence in the Capital. Spanning over an area of 5 hectares, the mansion was constructed in the middle of a garden.Being close to the Baharestan Plaza and Iran Parliament, Masoudieh Mansion has been home to many events that changed the history of the country. one of the most impressive parts of this mansion is its beautiful cozy café in which you can spend few hours in one of the most historic and cultural monuments of Tehran while experiencing Qajar era environment and enjoy the taste of the Iranian traditional foods and drinks.
Naturally the architecture of the building café resembles the mansion’s and the interior is furnished with items of the same period. The café is decorated with wooden tables and chairs and checkered tablecloths and small flowerpots with fresh flowers on the table. The restaurant staff who are famous theater artists, host the guests in a very welcoming and hospitable manner