Arak city

   

Arak city

Eilam

arak

Industrial capital

Introduction  

Arak is one of the metropolises of Iran and is one of the largest cities in Iran and the center of the central province of Arak. The founder of the city of Arak, Yusufkhan, was Georgian, known as Sepehdar, who built the city for several years at a cost of 200,000 USD. In the new city, all urban facilities such as Qanat, Bath, Abanbar, Mosque, School, Sangkhaneh, Market, and Government Churches were built. As the city's economy expanded and the city's main railroad crossed, immigration to the city increased.




Weather

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Arak's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Arak is a city with a significant rainfall. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain.

Famous Place




Four seasons museums (Baths):

The four-season bath of Arak is one of the most beautiful architectural and tile works of Iran in the recent centuries and is one of the unique examples of Iranian architecture due to its unique decorations.It was quoted about the motivation behind the construction of the bathroom, which had enjoyed a good economic prosperity due to the relative calm of the Nasiri, Sultanabad or Arak periods, and the local rulers, especially the brother of Amir Kabir (Mirza Hassan Khan), Mostofali Mamalek and his representatives, were happy with the people and the people. This led to the emigration of 85 Jewish households from Syrian and surrounding villages to Sultan Abad (Arak). They settled in the northeast of Sepahdari Passage on the eastern side of Mohseni Street. The group had facilities and amenities, but they did not have a bath. The elders of the minorities referred to the authorities and the scholars of the city and asked to solve the problem. Hajj Mohammad Ebrahim Khansari, one of the elders of that day, tried to solve this problem in order to create a bathhouse that would allow allpeople and minorities to use it with due observance of religious matters. Heordered to make a bath in front of his personal castle. Thus, after the formation of Arak, the building was built about 100 years ago by Mohammad Ibrahim Khansari during the rule of Ahmad Shah Qajar. The building was constructed between 1292 and 1294 and lasted for about 38 months. This bath is the only bathroom in the country, in which there is a separate section for religious minorities.







Mehr House:
The construction site of  Mehr House located at the end of Haj Agha Mohsen Araky endowment, overlooking the Aqaee market in the covered market of Arak, was built at the same time as the market building and was restored and reopened in 2004 with the cooperation of the Office of Endowments and Charity Affairs.This is a very historic space of three floors. The first floor has become a handicraft market and its second and third floors have become a beautiful and traditional restaurant.The three floors are interconnected and together constitute a fun and diverse atmosphere alongside the Arak historical market for domestic and foreign tourists.

 








Meyqan Lagoon:
One of the most attractive natural landscapes of Markazi province (Arak), Meyqan Lagoon is an amazing site for bird lovers and one of the Migratory Birds Destination. A lagoon in the middle of Markazi region desert, which is also called Meyqan Desert, contains three islands in the middle, the desert zone and surrounding plains.This Lagoon with an area of 25 hectares at 15km northeast of Arak, is one of the most important international ecosystems for almost 27% of native bird species of Iran and migratory birds of western Mediterranean region. A vast range of rare and endangered bird species migrate to Meyqan Lagoon every year.Crane is the most important bird species reside in Meyqan Lagoon. This lagoon is also a habitat for wolf, fox, snake and some rare species of eagles. Nitraria and Atriplex plants are creating a wonderful green look in this desert landscape. Anatidae, Flamingos, northern Lapwing and other migratory birds can be watched in this lagoon as well.





Shazand or Kay Khosrow (Keykhosro) Cave:
Shazand or Kay Khosrow (Keykhosro) Cave is an important Zoroastrian site 35 kilometers southwest of Arak city. The entrance of the cave opens in the west. Shazand consists of an 18-meter corridor, which is 6 meters wide and 3 meters high.The cave, which is located at an altitude of 2,900 meters, is believed to be where Kia Khosrow, the righteous Kiani King disappeared from sight. Kianian are the second Aryan dynasty after the Pishdadian in Persian folklore and Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh (Book of Kings). Kianian kings are the heroes of the Avesta (Zoroastrian sacred text) and Zarathustra is said to have preached during the reign of a Kiani king. It is said that after ruling for 60 years, Kia Khosrow gave away his wealth and appointed an heir before coming to this cave to pray only to never be seen again. It is believed that Kia Khosrow is alive and will return at the end of time. Hence, the name of the cave Shazand is believed to be the combination of Shah and Zendeh meaning ‘king’ and ‘alive.’ The names of Persian heroes are inscribed inside the cave and there is a spring near it where pilgrims drink its water for blessing.