Yazd City

   

Yazd City

Eilam

YAZD

The City of Wind towers

Introduction

The historical city of Yazd in central Iran has become the country's 22nd world heritage site after the World Heritage Committee voted in favor of its inscription on Sunday during the committee's 41st session in Krakow, Poland.Almost 200 hectares of the city's 2,270-hectare historical texture now boast world heritage status.Yazd is now the only UNESCO-listed Iranian city where people still live. It is also believed to be the world's largest inhabited adobe city.Registering the site on the coveted list was a tougher task than Iranian officials had hoped. The ancient city's dossier was supposed to be considered for inscription last year but was deemed incomplete by UNESCO's assessors who gave Iran a long list of shortcomings that had to be redressed to improve the city's chances of inscription on the coveted list.Cultural heritage authorities have envisioned a buffer zone of around 665.93 hectares for the designated area.Yazd is home to UNESCO-listed ancient Persian qanats as well as Dolat Abad Garden, which is one of nine Iranian gardens inscribed collectively on the World Heritage List as "the Persian Gardens".
The city is known for its adobe architecture, Zoroastrian fire temples and tall structures known as badgirs, or wind-catchers, which in ancient times functioned as natural ventilation in large buildings.With 22 world heritage sites, Iran is ranked first in the Middle East and eleventh worldwide.






Weather

user

Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with a yearly precipitation amount of 49 millimeters , which is also the hottest city north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C  in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny

Famous Places







Yazd Atash Behram:

The Yazd Atash Behram, also known as Yazd Atash Kadeh), is a temple in Yazd, Yazd province, Iran. It was built in 1934 and enshrines the Atash Bahram, meaning “Victorious Fire”, dated to 470 AD. It is one of the nine Atash Behrams, the only one of the highest grade fire in Iran where Zoroastrians have practiced their religion since 400 BC; the other eight Atash Behrams are in India. According to Aga Rustam Noshiravan Belivani, of Sharifabad, the Anjuman-i Násirí (elected Zoroastrian officials) opened the Yazd Atash Behram in the 1960s to non-Zoroastrian visitors.










Dowlat Abad Garden‌:

This garden has an aggregate of different buildings which were designed and constructed during the time of Mohammad Taqi Khan in the Zandieh era. It was the residence of Khan and his government and officials. The wind trapper of this garden is 33 meters high and is considered an architectural masterpiece and a symbol of the Yazdi architects' genius, mental ability, talent and art. The most significant characteristics of the design of this building is believed to be the attempt of the architect in selecting tactful angles for providing the best views and landscape internally. The Dowlat Abad garden is regarded as one of the sites worth visiting due to verdant gardening skill in landscape architecture, irrigation method, and in the richness of architectural design. It is for this reason that the same has been recorded as a historic building.




 



Amir Chakhmaq Complex:
The Amir Chakhmaq Complex, one of the most significant historical places in Yazd, is located
in the historical part of the city. Located in a strategic place in Yazd, the valuable complex is composed of a mosque, tekyeh (a place to hold the religious mourning), the mausoleum of Sati Fatemeh, Haji Ghanbar bazaar, Sati Fatemeh traditional cistern, the palm and traditional cistern
of Amir Chakhmaq.The history of Amir Chakhmaq Complex dates back to the 13th century, when Amir Jalaluddin Chakhmaq, a commander of Shahrukh Teimouri (1370-1506), rose to power in Yazd and started to build the place with the help of his wife Seti Fatemeh Khatun. They built a square in north of the mosque, which is now considered the center of Yazd.The square was known by the same name in the Safavid era. Some parts of the building were rebuilt and a an intersection was built on the caravanserai in the time of Shah Abbas.The square in front of the mosque later became a tekyeh in the early 19th century. However, it is obvious that the square did not use to serve as a tekyeh, since mourning places for Imam Hussein came to existence after the Safavid era. Interestingly, although the building was not constructed by the orders of Mir Chakhmaq, it is known as Mir Chakhmaq.
 
The building is built of mud brick, featuring beautifully beautiful ornaments and stucco.







 Alexander's Prison:

This 15th-century domed school is known as Alexander's Prison because of a reference to this apparently dastardly place in a Hafez poem.The story goes that during the reign of Alexander the Macedonian,a number of Iranian elite resisting his domination went on an uprising in Rey ( Near Tehran). He had them arrested, and on his way through Yazd imprisoned them in a dungeon which refers to a deep well in the courtyard of this building. There is a display of Yazd old city inside.The nearby 11th-Century brick Tomb of the 12 Imeams is almost next door.The inscriptions inside boast the names of each of the Shiite Imams, none of whom are buried here.











Qasr-e-Ayeneh:
Qasr-e-Ayeneh (Mirror Palace) is located in a beautiful garden in Yazd. This building has been the private inn of a rich man, made by Saraf Zadeh, in 1941.The beautiful decoration of spring house consists of mirror work of ceiling, wall paintings, and latticed doors, all of which are made entirely by Iranian architects. The spring house paintings were done on canvas and then installed on the walls. The doors and windows are wooden and latticed with colorful glass.
















Tower of Silence:
Tower of Silence (Zoroastrians' Dakhmeh) is a tower that has been built on the top of a hill, considered as place where Zoroastrian's left their dead.The hill at Zoroastrians Dakhmeh is each crowned with round towers where the dead were left out for the vultures to pick clean the bones, and then what was left was dissolved in acid in accordance with Zoroastrian belief that the dead should not contaminate the earth. Zoroastrian tradition says that a corpse is a host for decay and evil spirits, so the dead must be disposed of "safely" and in a way that does not pollute the earth.













Lariha House:
The 150-year-old Lari House, built in 19th century by Hadji Mohammad Ibrahim Lari, is one of the best-preserved Qajar-era houses in Yazd. The family used this building as a house for Dervishes of the Ne'mat-o-Allahi order in the past.The badgirs, traditional doors, stained-glass windows, elegant archways and alcoves mark it out as one of the city’s grandest homes. The merchant family who built it have long gone, and it is now home to architecture students and cultural heritage officers. It has a charming atmosphere with a large pool in the central courtyard over which sits a huge, gently disintegrating wooden takht (Throne).









Yazd Water Museum:
Yazd water museum was set up in 2000 in the wake of the first international conference on Qanat in Yazd. The museum building has once been a merchant’s house, named Kolahduz-ha, built in 1929.This Museum displays the tool, techniques used for the past 4000 years in Iran in creating underground waterways (called Qanats) and connecting them to the city and field locations for agricultural and other uses. Before the Romans built their aqueducts, Iranians had built an extensive system of underground qanats (aqueduct). A lot of these systems are still functioning today. In fact there is a large one under this Museum.Two Qanats are running beneath the museum at different levels, which are reachable through a special stairway called Payab. This museum has put on display a variety of water objects from Qanat to water ownership documents.Some parts of the house structure represent some parts of water history in the region. For example the stairway to Qanat or a reservoir on the roof can show how water technologies and everyday life have been interwoven in the past.











Hidden Desert:
Within 30 minutes (15km) drive of Yazd city centre, this belt of rippling sand dunes is a popular spot to watch the sun set across the desert landscape. As the colours of the pink-hued mountains beyond intensify with the last of the sun's rays, the shadows of the dunes are thrown into sharp relief, making for the perfect photo opportunity. While a taxi may be persuaded to the edge of the sands, it is better to take a licensed driver-guide who can navigate the soft terrain.The temperature drops quickly after sunset, especially in winter when it can be bitter cold.