Zahedan City

   

Zahedan City

Eilam

zahedan

Land of myths

Introduction

Zahedan occupies an upland plateau (4,718 ft./1,438 m in elevation) north of Mount Taftan, an active volcano in southeast Iran. It is just south of the area where the borders of Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan meet and 60 miles (96 km) northwest of Mirjaveh, the Iranian customs and passport control checkpoint on the border with Pakistan. Zahedan is a modern city that developed in the twentieth century. During the nineteenth century, the agricultural village of Duzhab occupied the site, one of the few areas in extremely arid Baluchistan with adequate groundwater for irrigated cultivation. During World War I, when Pakistan was part of British India, the British extended the imperial railway from Calcutta to Quetta westward to Duzhab. Later, during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi (r. 1926–1941), the village was officially renamed Zahedan after the medieval capital of Sistan, which had been destroyed by the Mongols, and the administrative center for Sistan and Baluchistan was moved here from Khash.






Weather

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Zahedan has a hot desert climate  with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is very low, and mostly falls in winter.

Famous Places





Post and Telecommunications Museum of Zahedan :

Is one the best museums near Zahedan located Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Zahedan, Taleqani Street, Iran. this priceless work during eight decades of its life has had dramatic activities with two quite distinguished periods.In the early 14th century and in 1311 of Persian calendar, a building was constructed in Zahedan with the use of materials such as clay and bricks by the designers to show the native architectural style of the desert. It is interesting to know that this building was used as a post office and telegraph office of Sistan and Baluchestan at the time when it was active. Today, the building has been renovated and functions as the Post and Telecommunication Museum.









Hamoon Lagoon :
On the border of Sistan and Baluchestan province and Afghanistan, there is a seasonal lagoon, known as Hamoon Poozak. This natural phenomenon covers an area of about 1,600 square kilometers, of which only 350 kilometers are located in Iran. The great Hamoon lagoon in the rainy seasons of year is formed through merging of Hamoon Poozak, Hamoon Saberi and Hamoon Kuh Khajeh lagoons. This natural phenomenon is another attraction of Zahedan tourism.








The Mineral Spring:
The beauty of nature and its unique attractions are the most important reasons for visiting and traveling to areas that enjoy this blessing. In some villages of the country, such as the village of Tamin in the city of Zahedan, there is a mineral water spring, which is the only supplier of water to the villagers. Also, the presence of mineral salts, the degree of heat and the source of this spring that comes out of a beautiful rock are some of the characteristic features of this natural phenomenon. The temperature of the spring is high during the cold days and low in the hot days of the year. This is a lovely place for tourists to enjoy the natural phenomenon that amazes experts.










The Mausoleum of Seventy Mullah:
About 20 kilometers from Tamin village, in the villages of Zahedan, there is a mausoleum with an approximate area of 50 square meters and is known as the Mausoleum of Seventy Mullah. The cemetery is built in a series of five-story graves located on the slopes of highlands that are nestled in the countryside. Archaeologists believe that the creation of this mausoleum dates back to the middle Ages.










Ladiz village:
Is located in Sistan and Balouchestan province, neighboring Mir Javeh and in the 100 kilometer distance of Zahedan, and its origin goes back to the Paleolithic age. This village has a very beautiful nature from spring to late autumn, and attracts many tourists to itself. Among the historical-natural relics of this area, Ladeez water cave and the waterfall can be pointed out. Mount Taftan in this area also attracts many tourists to itself.













Loot Plain:

The plain of Loot is the largest hollow or pit in the plateau of Iran and a part of which is located between Sistan Va Baluchestan. This plain is one of the hottest and driest in the world with a minimum trace of water.To the west of this plain, is another area of wilderness called Namakzar, which is impenetrable in the rainy seasons. The eastern half of the plain is covered by moving sands, but a part of its southern sector is penetrable.Due to the hot sun and strong winds, heavy masses of sand move to the south and the southeast, forming a chain of sandy hillocks.











Zahedan Museum:
This exhibition area, forms a section of the main museum of Zahedan, and comprises of two sections named as, the Archaeological and the Anthropological sectors.Discoveries made on excavations in this territory are on display in the former and articles and implements to do with the regional lifestyle is on exhibit in the latter.From the year 1990 there are also photographs on permanent display, depicting the livelihood and general mode of life of the inhabitants of this province.











Taftan Volcano:
Taftan means hot and molten, something that has got hot under the the sun or on the fire, well this is not a strange name for this semi-active volcano.From viewpoint of geology in quaternary, there have been the volcanoes in Iran which their peaks are constitute important heights today. Presently, some of those volcanoes are in sulfur producing stage and so steam and sulfuric gases come out of their craters. Mount Taftan is one of these volcanoes located in southeast of Iran 380 km. north of the Oman Sea, so far from Tehran. Taftan's volcanic summit is known as Chehel Tan this summit has two main branches, the northern one and the highest is called Ziarat, whereas the southern one is known as Madar Kooh. From the northeastern direction this peak is known as Sobh Kooh and in the west is called Lor Kooh. I feel this name system is wired and a little bit complex, so we call the summit only as Taftan.The first climb was done in 1893.Existence of Khash heights including Taftan peak causes pleasant climate of Khash and nearby areas, higher altitude of Khash area helps to gain more downpour in comparison to other parts of the province and to be much more vegetated and less arid.There are several spas mineral waters around the Khash mountains, some of them which are located in northwest of mount Taftan are named Jamchin, Amani, Barab and Barabak.Standing on Taftan gives you a view of distances plane desert !These features turn Taftan into one of the most interesting natural attractions of the province which attracts many of the travelers, specially mountain climbers every year.Access to Taftan appears to be straightforward, as a number of roads run high up on the flanks of the massif, including one which crosses northwest of the central cone reaching as high as 9000 ft (2700 m).