Kermanshah City

   

Kermanshah City

Eilam

kermanshah


Ancient city

Introduction

Kermanshah is a city in the Kurdish region of Iran, approximately 110 miles (165 km) from the Iraq-Iran border. The city’s modern roots date back to the 4th century, and its ancient roots date back even earlier. As of 2013, the population of the city is estimated at 851,405.Kermanshah is considered by many to be home to one of the earliest civilizations. Many archaeological digs have been conducted in the surrounding region, and recently, Iranian and English archeologists uncovered a village that dates back to nearly 10,000 BC. An ancient Persian king is believed to have constructed the city of Kermanshah. The name “Kermanshah” refers to the king, or shah, who ruled over the city and region of Kerman, which still exists in Iran today.Kermanshah is widely recognized to be a cultural center for Kurdish music. Both Iranian and Turkish music can be traced back to Kurdish tribes and musical traditions from around Kermanshah, and there are many established and upcoming Kurdish musicians based in the region


Weather

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Kermanshah's climate is classified as warm and temperate. The winters are rainier than the summers in Kermanshah. 

Famous Places




Mount Paraw:
Parâw (Kurdish:په‌ڕاو means full of water) is a mount located in north east of Kermanshah city in west of Iran.Parâw With an approximate length of 80 km and an area of 880 square kilometers is part of the Zagros Mountains.The mount was withdrawn during the third period of Geology (Tertiary) And in the fourth period (Quaternary) assumed its present form. Material of rocks are mainly sedimentary and limestone. This has caused a lot of caves and wells in the mountains arise.Paraw cave or Ghar Parau is located in 3050 meter above sea level which is highest around all of caves round the world and well known as Everest of world caves. this cave has 751 meter depth and with D5 degree of difficulty recognized as one of hardest caves to caving.The British caving team which discovered the cave named their group Ghar Parau foundation.5 professional cavers have lost their lives in this cave.


                                                                                                                        







Taq Bostan:
Taq-e Bostan ("the arch of the garden"): site of several Sasanian rock reliefs, on the northeastern outskirts of modern Kermanshah.At Taq-e Bostan ("the arch of the garden"), situated in the neighborhood of modern Kermanshah, several Sasanian reliefs can be found:The Investiture Relief of Shapur II,The small cave,The large cave of Khusrau II.In front of the monuments is a little artificial lake and an ancient garden, or "paradise". They were probably created in the Parthian age, but the reliefs are younger.
  








Zagros Paleolithic Museum:
Zagros Paleolithic Museum (Persian: موزه پارینه‌سنگی زاگرس‎‎) is a museum in Kermanshah, Iran, established in 2008. The museum contains a large collection of stone tools and animal fossil bones from various Paleolithic sites in Iran. In Iran, it is the only museum of its kind.The museum was established by Fereidoun Biglari and A. Moradi Bisetouni at Tekieh Biglar Baigi, Kermanshah in 2007. Marjan Mashkour, a zooarchaeologist, was in charge of animal fossil identification for the museum.Zagros Paleolithic Museum occupies four rooms which include objects from various Paleolithic and Neolithic sites in Iran, dating from ca. 1,000,000 years to some 8,000 years ago. The first room is an audio room where visitors can watch a documentary about prehistoric stone tools and how Paleolithic artisans made these tools. There is also a full life-size model of a Neanderthal.The second room is dedicated to human and animal bones from sites on the Zagros Mountains and some human skull replicas from famous Paleolithic sites in Europe and the Near East. Among the faunal remains, the fossil collection from the Wezmeh cave is of prime importance. The third room contains Lower Paleolithic stone tools from various sites such as Kashafrud, Ganj Par and Shiwatoo. The fourth room houses late Paleolithic and Neolithic stone tools, animal bones, shells and other archaeological objects which are also from sites on the Zagros mountains.






Do-Ashkaft Cave:
The Do-Ashkaft Cave, being the Middle Paleolithic cave site, is located at north of Kermanshah, near Taq-e Bostan. It is located about 1600 metres above the sea level and its entrance faces south, overlooking the national park of Kuhestan. The site was discovered by two Iranian researchers, F. Biglari and S. Heydari in 1999 and during next four years was sampled each month which resulted in a rich Middle Paleolithic lithic collection. The Mousterian occupants of the cave made their tools on local raw material outcrops around the cave.










Takieh Mo’aven ol-Molk:

The Takieh Mo’aven ol-Molk is Iran's finest Hosseinieh, a distinctively Shiite shrine where plays are acted out during the Islamic month of Moharram to commemorate the martyrdom in 680 of Imam Hossein at Karbala. Enter downstairs, through a courtyard and a domed central chamber decorated with grisly scenes from the Karbala battle.The shrine remains very much active, with pilgrims kissing the doors and being genuinely moved by the footprint of Ali (Hossein's father) on the wall of the second courtyard. This is set amid tiles depicting a wild gamut of images, from Quranic scenes to pre-Islamic motifs including Shahnameh kings, European villages and local notables in 19th-century costumes.The building to the right is now an ethnographic museum displaying regional costumes.









Khaje Baruch House:

Khaje Baruch House, Kakeh Barookh’s House or Randeh Kesh House (Maal Kakeh Barookh in Kurdish) is the name of a historical house in Kermanshah. The owner of the house was Khaje Baruch, one of Jewish merchants in Kermanshah and it was built at the time of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar. The house is located in the Jewish neighborhood called Feyzabad.Khaje Baruch House is now used as the house of artist in Kermanshah.










Biglar Beigi Tekyeh:

This monument is located in Sarem al-Dowleh Alley in the old neighborhood called Feyzabad. This tekyeh that was built in Qajar era by Abdollah Khan, known as Biglar Beigi is unique among Kermanshah tekyehs in terms of mirror works.In the western side of the yard, a great mirrored hall is built which is known as Husseiniyeh. The hall is covered with perfect decorations and numerous inscriptions from Mozaffar al-Din Shah’s reign and the great Biglar Beigi Guestroom is located on both sides. Biglar Beigi Tekyeh is visited by public at the moment as the museum of calligraphy and writing. Ancient documents of Bigli Beigi family are put on a show in this museum.









Hashilan Lagoon:
Hashilan Lagoon is located on Kermanshah-Ravansar Road, 26 kilometers of North West of Kermanshah in Allahyar Khani Village. The approximate area of this lagoon is 450 hectares and it is on the plain and low lands of Khorein and Veis Muntain skirts.This lagoon is located in the southern skirt of Khorein Mountain in a vast plain with a very low slope from north to south. The water of the lagoon is supplied by Sabz Ali Springhead that contains vegetation with various flowers. Lagoon water in upper hand is in the form of a springhead and bubbling springs and it is spreaded in lagoon width in the form of small and big channels. Water surface is covered by grass which is grown inside water in the form of water plants.This lagoon with about 110 small and big islands is formed in an area of from about 100 square meters to one hectare.Hashilan lagoon is located on Kermanshah-Ravansar Road, 26 kilometers of North West of Kermanshah in Allahyar Khani Village. The approximate area of this lagoon is 450 hectares and it is on the plain and low lands of Khorein and Veis Muntain skirts.This lagoon is located in the southern skirt of Khorein Mountain in a vast plain with a very low slope from north to south. The water of the lagoon is supplied by Sabz Ali Springhead that contains vegetation with various flowers. Lagoon water in upper hand is in the form of a springhead and bubbling springs and it is spreaded in lagoon width in the form of small and big channels. Water surface is covered by grass which is grown inside water in the form of water plants.This lagoon with about 110 small and big islands is formed in an area of from about 100 square meters to one hectare.









Covered Bazaar :

one of the noticeable and important buildings of Kermanshah is its large and ancient market (bazaar), and its primary structure is related to the Qajar period. This bazaar is adorned in a splendor style. The goods available here are: local colored apparel, handicrafts like: giveh (a local foot-ware),shoes, carpet, Kilim, wooden kitchenware, leather and felt and hand-woven articles.













 Statue of Hercules:
Statue of Hercules is sculpted out of stone at the eastern-western highway of Silk Road or Great Khorasan Road in the World Heritage Area of Bistoon near Kermanshah. This statue was built in Seleucid period. Building this statue was concurrent with the conquest of the Great Medians by Arsacid. This statue was discovered in 1337 at the time of Hamedan-Kermanshah road construction.The statue length is 1.47 meters and the statue is sculpted on the mountain and is attached to the mountain from behind. Releifs and inscriptions have been inscribed on the back side of the statue in ancient Greek.Relief of a lion can be seen under the statue body whose length is 200 centimeters from tail to head and its tail length is 114 centimeters.This statue is recorded in the list of national monuments with number 4482.