Qeshm Island

   

Qeshm Island

Eilam

QESHM

Persian Gulf Dolphin

Introduction

The largest island in the Persian Gulf, Qeshm is fringed with biologically diverse mangrove forests, attractive beaches and 60 Bandari villages. Its sun-scorched interior features geologically significant canyons, hills, caves and valleys, most of which are protected as part of the Unesco-recognised Qeshm Island Geopark – bliss for nature-lovers.Qeshm is a duty-free zone, but in a gulf increasingly full of gleaming skyscrapers it remains refreshingly attached to the age-old Bandari way of life. If you're after an authentic island experience, Qeshm won't disappoint. Here, locals wear traditional dress, live in houses cooled by badgirs (wind towers) and work in boat-building yards turning out lenges, the large wooden cargo boats that have criss-crossed the gulf for centuries.The island has an abundance of wildlife, including birds, reptiles, dolphins and turtles.

Weather

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In Qeshm, the summers are long, sweltering, oppressive, and arid; the winters are short, comfortable, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round.

Famous Places





Hara Forest:
Perhaps the most unique attraction on Qeshm Island and the coasts of Persian Gulf for every domestic or foreign tourist is the floating Mangrove forests.These widespread forests can be seen at the beaches of Persian Gulf around the Laft horbor at north of Qeshm Island and Khamir horbor.Avesina, the great Iranian scientist, called the trees "Hara", which are called Timer in Sistan and Baluchestan and Toul in some southern parts of Iran.the salt-water plant. It usually blossoms and bears fruit from mid-July to August, with yellow flowers and a sweet almond-like fruit. The seeds fall into the water, where wave action takes them to less moving parts of the sea. The Hara seeds become fixed in the soil layers of the sea and grow. Between Qeshm and Khamir horbor there is slow flow of waves, so most of the seeds stay there and grow.This area is a very appropriate habitat for migratory birds in cold seasons because of its suitable ecological conditions.These birds include seagulls, cormorants, flamingoes, storks, pelicans, eagles and. In other seasons the native birds which cannot find an appropriate place for living, come to these forests. The area is also a major habitat for reptiles, fishes and even some kinds of arthropoda and bivalvtes. Green turtles and venomous aquatic snakes are the specific animals of the ecosystem of Hara forests.








Stars Valley:
Stars Valley is a natural consequence of wind erosion and rainstorm washing out from Cenozoic period (2 million years ago) up to now. The valley locates in Qeshm Island, Persian Gulf, Iran. It is a magnificent gallery of natural features, in depth of 7 to 15 meters below original plateau, including columns, sharp cones, arches and edges all made from sand and natural cement. Based on locals' believes, the valley is formed after falling a star, many centuries ago; the name of valley is after that incident. Due to specific shape and arrangement of columns, wind made noise is audible through the valley, inducing a mysterious mood. The latter makes locals to believe in ghost traffic through the valley; they avoid entering to the valley during evening and night.












Hengam Island:
This lovely island off the southern coast of Qeshm is surrounded by impressive soft-coral reefs that offer great diving. Hengam is also known for its wildlife, including birds, gazelles and dolphins.  The small fishing village overlooking the main beach features a row of simple eateries selling seafood. 












Chahkooh valley:
 Is an excellent valley to visit. especially for people who like geotourism sites and good landscapes. “Chahkooh Valley” is located at a 15km distance of Tabl village in South-East of Eastern Chahoo village in Qeshm Island, Hormozgan Province. There are two valleys plumbed on each other vertically. It is a narrow valley with vertical rims and wonderful formations. 












QESHM ISLAND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK :
 Is an island of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which has the shape of a dolphin. It is the largest island of the Persian Gulf region and stands parallel to the south coasts of the Hormuz Strait. The highest point on the island, Kish Kuh Mount, is 397 m high.Qeshm Island UNESCO Global Geopark is part of the huge mountain range of Zagros, which has been deformed and folded as the result of the last phase of the Alpine orogeny in the Plio-Pleistocene. The geological formations of this mountain belt belong to the Late Precambrian to Cambrian (more than 480 million years old) and include salt diapirs attributed to the Precambrian period called Hormoz Series. According to the majority of geologists, the tectonics of this region has been active from the Late Tertiary. The tectonic zone is represented by the south part of the deformed forehead or the convergent belt (Mesopotamia and Persian Gulf region), as well as by the margins of the compression and collision plates of the Iranian-Arabic continent.









Laft historic harbor:
This historic harbor , is Iran’s first eco museum having many cultural and tourist attractions . There is a collection of cultural heritage in qeshm .. alsolaft is the harbor of Louvres, in addition many water supply wells are there.In factlaft is the gate of seven wonders in qesh. The historicbuildings, Louvres and tala wells,harrajungles and Cisterns, narrow alleys, have attracted many tourists in recent years.This fishing village on the northern coast of Qeshm Island is the best place in Iran to encounter the fast-disappearing traditional culture of the Persian Gulf. Perched on a rocky slope overlooking the Khoran Strait, Laft has a wonderfully photogenic roofscape of badgirs (wind towers) and minarets. Views are best from the hill near the ruins of the Portuguese-built Naderi Fort. From this vantage point you’ll also see dozens of ancient wells and a white-domed ab anbar (water cistern).A few hundred metres north of Laft is one of Qeshm’s many lenge-building yards. These traditional cargo boats are still used to carry goods back and forth across the gulf. Laft is also the place to go for a boat trip into the nearby Harra Sea Forest.

 






Talla wells:

Qeshm island has resorted  to many ways to find the water it needs. One of those ways is to drill wells in the rocks, which  sometimes end in gypsum layers and are capable of holding water healthy and cool for a long time. The mound over looking these wells direct rain water toward the wells and it is for this reason That they are called talla wells ("tal" means "mound" in  Persian.)These wells located near laft village which is said it is said that in the past the past the number of these cisterns equaled the number of days in a year (366-equal to leap-year) and every day one of the wells was used for water. rainwater, which is prized like gold, is directed to the wells from the hills around.Some historians believe that these wells are related to Achaemenian and Sassanian dynasties.













Bibi Water Reservoir:

The first water reservoir in Qeshm was constructed in the year 1202 AH. by the spouse of Sheikh Abdollah, (ruler of the times). Its ceiling has been repaired for several times. The architecture of this water reservoir is interesting.










Koolqan Hill:
On one of the hills of Koolqan, is the remnants of a water canal, which is in suitable condition. The same has stone walls to the length of more than 100 m. which is an interesting feature by itself.In another section of this hill is a graveyard with two rows of tombs at a regular intervals of 2 m. from each other. Other evidences in this vicinity reveal that a bazaar was present here in the past.The Koolqan hills overlook the sea and the (earthen) ‘Balatal’ Dam, offering a beautiful landscape.