Ardebil City

   

Ardebil City

Eilam

ardabil

Holy City

Introduction

The city of Ardabil in northwestern Iran is the Capital of Ardabil Province. Ardabil neighbors the Republic of Azerbaijan and the city of Meshgin Shahr in the north, the city of Namin and Gilan Province in the east, Nir and Kowsar counties in the south and East Azarbaijan Province and part of Meshgin Shahr in the west.Surrounded by Mount Talysh and Mount Sabalan of the Alborz Mountain Range. Ardabil is believed to be at least 3,000 to 5,000 years old. In Sumerian tablets Ardabil has been mentioned as Arta. In the Avesta (Zoroastrian sacred texts), the city has been mentioned as Artaville. ‘Arta’ meaning ‘sacred’ and “ville” meaning “city.”The city is also where the Safavids, the most significant Iranian dynasty after the fall of the Sassanid Empire (226-651 CE) who created a unified Iranian state, hailed from.The famous Ardabil Carpets originate from this city. These 16th century carpets were a pair that once adorned the Sheikh Safi al-Din Shrine. After an earthquake damaged the shrine, they were sold off to fund its renovation. Today, the larger carpet, which is considered the oldest dated and one of the most beautiful and historically important carpets in the world, is housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum of London. The other smaller carpet is housed in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.    

Weather

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 Ardabil is one of the coldest cities in Iran and experiences freezing winters and mild summers. many tourists come to the region for its cool climate during the hot summer months.

Famous Places






Shahar Yeri Historical Site:

The archaeological site known as the Yeri city is in distance of 65 Km from Ardabil and 31 Kilometers in east of Meshkin-shahr next to Qarasu river. The area of this historic region is 400 hectares is constituted of three parts namely military fortress, temple and Qosha tappeh. The fortress and temple dates back to 1450 BC and Qvsha hill dates back to 7 thousand years BC. The main temple in city of Yeri came out of earth Included more than 300 stones with heights ranging from 35 to 250 cm with human forms (no mouth)  that contain human face without mouth, or a hand and sword. Charles Burney knew its time as  Achaemenes period, but out of the scope of government. In west of gathering stones, there is a cave which has been named Qara kub bel by local people. In front, some pieces of rocks have been put on each other.Yasri with the most vast historical area of Ardabil province and one of the most important regions before Christ in history of northwest of Iran was registered in national monuments in number 6162. 







Fandoqlu Forest: 
what is it that makes Fandoqlu Forest a sight to behold? Well, in one word, hazels. This amazing area is filled with hazel trees and that is what the name Fandoqlu (meaning “of hazel”) stems from. But that is not all. A variety of other types of fruits and trees add to the beauty of this scenic location; quinces, strawberries, raspberries, wild apples, green tomatoes, hornbeams, beech, pussy willows and chest-leaved oaks provide all kinds of captivating aromas, tastes, scenes and ultimately feelings which would have you forget all about the craziness of our digital world in no time and with no effort. It would be remiss if we do not mention the gorgeous birds such as pheasants, partridges and golden eagles that live there as well. This fantastic jungle is divided into three sections, the Small Fandoqlu, the Great Fandoqlu and the median fields that fill up the 700 meter area between the other two parts. This lovely area has other perks that add to the overall experience of the visitors; for instance, there is the Meshe Sui Hot Spring inside the jungle with its therapeutic benefits that make it ideal for recovering from fatigue, jetlag, and also relaxation and meditation. There is also a waterfall, a tele-cabin (called Fandoqlu-Heyran), and a resort in the jungle that could accommodate the visitors for a couple of days in the forest. The Fandoqlu Forest which is geographically considered as the continuation of the subtropical forests of Gilan and is situated near the Astara-Ardebil Road and the mesmerizing Heyran County of Gilan Province is best visited during spring until mid-autumn.








Sabalan:

Or Savalan (Azerbaijani: Savalan, ساوالان [sɑvɑˈlɑn]) is an inactive stratovolcano in the Alborz mountain range and Ardabil Province of northwestern Iran. It is the third highest mountain in Iran after Damavand ( 5609m ) and Alamkouh (4851m ). This inactive stratovolcano mountain is famous for it's amazing and wonderful lake on the summit.Sabaln has 3 main summits with the name of Soltan Savalan ( King ) which is the highest one and 2 others are Heram and Kasra . Sabalan is located parallel and east of Arasbaran Range . From south you find the Bozghosh and Sahand . Sabalan is located 25 Km on the SouthEast of Meshginshahr which is a small lovely city . Sabalan is also famous for its hotsprings , green summer and Alvares ski resort . 







Alvares ski resort:

Is a ski resort in Iran’s northern province of Ardabil. It is the second standard ski resort in Iran and is situated in the village of Alvares which is located 24 kilometers away from the city of Sarein.
 











Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine:
The Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil was Built at the beginning of the 16th century, however it was reconstructed at the end of the 18th century. It is mainly constructed based on Islamic architecture and consists different sections regarding to Iran's culture: A mosque, a big main library, a hospital, a school, mausoleum and so on.Shah Ismail, Sheikh Safi al-Din's successor as Sufi leader of the khanegah, became the first shah of the Safavid Dynasty and declared the khanegah as the state religion. The Safavids dynasty spared no expense in enriching and decorating the structure of the shrine of their ancestor with many works of art. The shrine became a focus for pilgrims from around the world and a religious ensemble containing outstanding works of art, ornamentation, and archaeology from the 14th to the 18th centuries.










Shorabil Lake:
This 180-acre lake is located south of Ardabil City and it attracts a lot of local and foreign visitors every day. There are two reasons for the popularity of Shorabil Lake. First, the natural aspect; this lake is one of the most dazzling, peaceful and refreshing lakes in the country. Its salty water is full of minerals which have therapeutic benefits for different diseases. There is nothing more relaxing than sitting near the lake, gazing at the stunning landscape and taking in the fresh air; something that most locals take to heart as they choose this area as their picnic spot when the weather is suitable. During the winter Shorabil Lake freezes and in the morning you would have a thick white mirror reflecting the sunrays for a view. Words cannot properly describe the utterly breath-taking and relaxing atmosphere this place offers. Moreover, the second aspect would be the facilities that have been built around the lake for the leisure, entertainment and comfort of the coming visitors. They include a sport complex, several restaurants and coffee shops, a big internet café, indoor and outdoor amusement parks, a couple of international hotels and a zoo. The Sorabil Lake Complex has a running track as well. So activities such as running, cycling and also sailing on small boats are also available. These types of facilities have helped this place to be one of the most popular Ardabil tourist attractions. An interesting fact about the Shorabil Lake is that it is surrounded by a
gorgeous road which enables you to circle the whole lake on a bike, in a car or on foot and find your favorite view or the perfect frame for your camera. 








Jame (Jome) Mosque of Ardabil:

The history of this building backs to 429-590 Hijri-Qamari. This is the remains of a huge building from Seljuk era which is located in Pir Shamseddin district and in center of a cemetery and is formed of three parts. The first part is a minaret which its form demonstrates its history. It could be built in Seljuk era and is located near by the mosque. It is made of an octagon base and its cylindrical body. There are two inscriptions installed on this minaret. The first one shows the Ozon Hassan Agh Ghoyonlou’s order and seconed one which its date of production backs to 878 Hijri-Qamari and presently is kept in the National Heritages Museum.The second part of the building is the shaft covered arch which is built on nine woody columns and these columns also are installed on non-regular stony bases. The entrance gate also is made of wood.The third part is in fact the old mosque which includes dome and four arches. Almost part of the building is brick made and are used rarely.    


 






Ardabil Anthropology Museum:
Is located  in the historic baths Aghanaghi ( Zhyralaslam ) in Ali Ghapoo filed in Sadi St.The site also displays 33 sculptures by local coverage of Ardabil, books and manuscripts related to the historical and cultural identity of the region is collected and presented. The museum is a good place to get acquainted with the lifestyle, customs, local coverage of men and women, local cuisine cooking methods and special procedures of the province.Historic Bath Ardabil to pay special attention to the cleanliness of the people in this area are particularly important.Ardabil bathroom area residents were concerned not only surprise but also to attract the attention of historians and tourists themselves.Entrance to the museum from the break started and the octagonal stone pond with four arm ends and the special ritual bathing in the last stages of the statues are on display.








Meshginshahr suspension bridge:

Standing at a height of 80m over the Valley of Khiav River, near Meshginshahr, visitors will have a view of the slopes of Mount Sabalan. With a length of 365 m, this pedestrian suspension bridge is the tallest of its kind in Middle East.The length and the height of this bridge in such a mountainous location attract many travelers from around Iran and other countries. To add more to the adventure, one can easily have a view of the Mount Sabalan summit while standing over a deep valley.