ENGLISH / Cities / Sari City Sari City Eilam SARI Green Crown of Iran Introduction The capital of Mazandaran, Sari is the biggest and most populated city in the province. The city is located in northern Iran, between the slopes of the Alborz Mountains and the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.The city has been mentioned in Ferdowsi’s magnum opus, the Shahnameh (Book of Kings), which recounts Iran’s mythical and historical past. Excavations at Hutto and Kamarband Caves have provided evidence of the existence of settlements around Sari as far back as the 7th millennium BC.When the Qajar’s came to power they made Sari the capital of Mazandaran once again and the city became the center of their rule for a short period. The founder of the Qajar Dynasty Agha Mohammad Khan (1742-1797) originally held a coronation ceremony in Sari before moving his capital to Tehran.The laying of the first Iranian railroad network began from this city and in World War II the city during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944) Sari fell under the occupation of the Soviet Army. Weather Sari has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa), with a Mediterranean climate (Csa) influence. Winters are cool and rainy whilst summers are hot and humid. Famous Places Badab-e Surt: Badab-e Surt is a rare geologic masterpiece, formed during the Pleistocene and Pliocene epochs. Only a handful of such places exist in the world. A similar natural wonder has already been lost.This site was crafted by nature after two different mineral hot springs spent thousands of years sending water bubbling down the mountain from over 6,000 feet above sea level. When the water cooled, it left behind its carbonate minerals in a jelly-like substance that eventually hardened to give the slope its current staircase shape.When the light hits the terraces just right, it makes the puddles glow with the red, orange, and yellow tones found in the underlying rock. Reflections from the sky and clouds above will sometimes add swirls of blue and gray to the mix, creating a watercolor palette bursting with rich natural hues. Kolbadi House: House of Manouchehr Khan Kolabadi is related to the late Qajar era and is located in Sari in place of Administration of Cultural Heritage (previously). This monument was registered in the list of Iran’s national monuments n 9th of Aban 1377 with registration number 2148. The house was built to the order of Sardar Jalil, one of the army commanders of the time. Later on, the house was yielded to his grandchild, Manouchehr Khan Kolabadi.The architecture style of the building is taken from shrines in Qajar era and it consists of two interior and exterior sections. The main part of the house is established in two floors in the interior section and a basement and each floor has a dais and two-way rooms. The dais on the second floor is one of the most beautiful roms of the house and every part of it reminds one of the decorative arts in Qajar period. The materials used to construct this house are woods and bricks and its roof is in gable form and made of adobe. Resket Tower: Resket Tower in Dodangeh District dates back to the 11th century. With its conical dome, this cylindrical tower is believed to have been built near the impact site of a meteorite and is the tomb of Bavandid (651–1349) royal. This tower is 18 meters high and nearly 15 meters wide at its base. The tower has Kufic and Sassanid inscriptions as well as unique moqarnas decorations below its dome. Soltan Zein-ol Din Tower: This octagonal tower is a 20-meter structure notable for its moqarnas and tilework decorations. This 15th century tower is the resting place of a Sari noble and is located near Imamzadeh Yahya. There is a Riqa (a Persian calligraphy hand) inscription above the tower, which is considered one of the most important religious structures of Sari. The structure has an exquisite wooden door and chest with historical significance. Hamid Abad Lagoon: Hamid Abad Lagoon in Sari is one of the tourist attractions in Mazandaran Province that is located on the road from Sari Sea to Farah Abad (Khazar Abad) in green and elegand village of Hamid Abad. The lagoon is covered with water lilies that make the lagoon and the area highly stunning when they open up. Different types of birds such as migratory and non-migratory birds live in the lagoon that add to the beauty of the area. If you follow the path ahead, you will find yourself in the historical complex of Farah Abad and the Caspian Sea coast. Semeskandeh wildlife shelter: Semeskandeh wildlife shelter is one the important habitats of animals and birds in this region and is considered as remains of forests in this region. This shelter has been taken into consideration for protection of pheasants in Iran. This wildlife safe haven is also home to numbers of Iranian deer. The Iranian deer is one of the rare species of deer across the world. Vaziri Bath: Vaziri Bath is a Qajar era (1785–1925) traditional bathhouse in Sari. The bath has an octagonal changing room (sarbineh) and a hot chamber (garm khaneh). The bath was once part of the Kolbadi Mansion and is a national heritage site.