ENGLISH / Cities / Bojnird City Bojnird City Eilam bojnord Lovely city at Iran Introduction Bojnord, Middle Persian: Bijan Gerd and after Islam Buzanjerd, is the center of North Khorasan Province on the northeast of Iran at the foothills of Ala Dagh Mountain range. Among the large cities of Khorasan, the city 's population was over 199, 791 in 1390, solar calendar. Therefore it ranks 44th throughout the country.Bojnord neighbors Shirvan, Esfarayen, and Ashkhaneh. Among the locals it is pronounced Bozhnord. Philosophy of its naming .In old resources and word books, the city has been mentioned as Bizhan (Bijan) Gerd or Bizhan Yord. Bizhan Gerd means built by Bijan. The suffix Gerd was used in many Iranian cities in ancient times; cities like Borojerd (Borogerd), Dastjerd (Dastgerd), Susangerd, Darabgerd, Malazgirt (east of today's Turkey) etc.Bojnord, the center of North Khorasan, covers an area of 36 square km and is located at a longitude of 57° 20' and latitude of 37°28' in the south of Koppeh Dagh Mountain, East of Ala Dagh, North of Alborz Mountain range. Bojnord stands at an altitude of 1,070 m above sea level and is 821 km from Tehran. Weather Bojnord is mountainous mild so it's summers are rather mild with cold winters. Famous Places Espidan (Esfidan) Village: Espidan village is located in Garmkhān rural district, Bojnourd County and it can be accessed via Mashhad-Bojnourd highway from Sisāb village towards south. Its geographical coordinates are longitude 57 degrees and 34 minutes east and latitude 37 degrees and 20 minutes north.The most important tourist attractions of the village are its natural attractions. Located in the foothills of the Koppeh-Dāq highlands and having lush valleys and rivers, Espidan is known as a favorite place in the summer for people. Concentration of valuable natural elements such as river, old trees, gardens and home-gardens, along with the variety of land perspective, maze roads and diversity of the width of the valley, and successive narrowing and openness of the texture provide a beautiful visual and environmental landscape.The physical environment of the village is valuable due to the staircase-like texture in the village which is established among its gardens, highlands and steep slopes as well as existence of Sābāt (roofed passageways). Jaajarmi Husseiniyeh: Jaajarmi Husseiniyeh is located in Bojnourd downtown in the historical district of this city, and dates back to the waning years of Qajarid era. Based on the existing inscriptions, this Husseiniyeh has been constructed in 1325 AH.It is an example of traditional architecture which maintains a central courtyard. Its door and windows all overlook the courtyard. This architectural style is not common in Bojnourd as such, and has been mainly taken into consideration in dry regions.The two-story building is square-shaped, covering a total area of 600 square meters. Its gateway is linked to central courtyard, while there are two stairways in its northeastern and southwestern corners, leading to the upper floor. Different parts of this building are decorated with brickworks, plasterworks, and inscriptions. Espaakho Building: The Espaakho building has been registered among Iran’s national historical monuments and is considered to be unique in comparison to other historical monuments of Bojnourd. It dates back to Sassanid era and is made of stones and mortar. There is a balcony in the eastern corner of this building. Experts’ viewpoints in regard to application and function of this monument differ. However, it seems that this historical monument had been a Zoroastrian temple. This historical monument is situated a hundred kilometers west of the city of Bojnourd, next to the route linking this city to Golestan Province. Mofakham Mirror House: Mofakham mirror house is a tall and glorious building, located north of Bojnourd, which is considered as one of the priceless historical monuments of this city. This building belonged to one of the commanders of the Qajarid era, General Mofakham. The façade of this building is decorated with tile work, while its interior has been also decorated with tile work and pieces of mirror, multiplying the interior design’s beauty. This building is one of the unique historical monuments dating back to the era of rule of Qajarid king, Naser Ed-Din Shah .Mofakham Building is one of the historical monuments of city of Bojnourd which was constructed upon the order of General Mofakham in 1300 AH as his place of residence. It maintains thirty-four chambers and two large halls. The façade of the building looms over the south and is covered with tile works, depicting the pictures of humans, animals, and geometrical shapes. The related construction materials are bricks and mortars, with each of the building’s floors having two northern and southern balconies. The building is fully covered with tiles in different shapes and forms in blue, yellow, pink, purple, white, red, and black colors, while each pillar has been decorated with particular patterns and designs. Mofakham Building has turned into museum of archeology and anthropology after its renovation. Hamid Waterfall: Hamid village is located in the 7 kilometer distance of south of Bojnord. In the south of this village, there are narrow valleys with massive rocks and in the end of the valley, a waterfall can be seen with a height of 25 meters in the 2 kilometer distance of Hamid village.The water of this waterfall springs from Abchour village. Hamid village and waterfall has always been used as a promenade and has always been under the attention of mountain climbers and families. Qorkhod Conservation Area: The Qorkhod conservation area is highly valued given its diverse flora and fauna. This region was separated from Golestan National Park in 1982 and was later announced as a conservation area. It covers an area of 43,000 hectares and is located at altitudes ranging from 1000 meters above the sea level to 2700 meters above the sea level. Its average annual temperature stands at nine degrees centigrade and its annual rainfall totals 660 millimeters. The tall pinnacles, large rocks, countless valleys and waterfalls, large plains, vast forests and meadows, small and large caves, ample springs, and diverse flora and fauna capture the attention of all tourists, who travel to the region. Besh Qardash: The term “Besh Qardash” means “Five Brothers” in the Khorasani Turkic language which is a local language in the region. It refers to the mythic history of the place. According to the myth, there had been five brothers fighting against the then-brutal government and when they harbored to a hillside, they disappeared and five water springs trilled. In the Qajar era, Naser al-Din Shah passed the place in his state visit and ordered Yar Mohammad Khan Shadlou to construct a monument right next to the springs. Also a crown shaped swimming pool was built after some time. Ayoub Peyghambar Hot Springs: Ayoub-e Peqambar hot water spring is formed of a set of springs emerging from the heart of the ground and flows on its surface. The spring water temperature is approximately 36 centigrade degrees. The water of this spring forms a pool with an area of 459 square meters and with a depth of approximately 5 meters.Currently, the residents of the district and the people who are aware of the therapeutic feature of this water use this spring for leisure and swimming. In the five meter distance of this spring, there is a fresh and cold water spring and its water enters this pool from its northern side which the coolness of this water is clearly recognizable in this part. There are fences around this pool for observing the safety and health principles. Baba Aman Park: It is one of the oldest parks in Iran. Baba Aman is located 10 km from Bojnord city. In Baba Aman and 300 meters from the main road, there is a tomb attributed to Imam Kazem, which is known as holy Baba Aman and the main Spring. The resort is a beautiful and pleasant place for travelers who wish to travel to northern cities, in particular Mashhad. There are 400 thousand trees such as, acacia, sycamore, hawthorn, apricot, wild raspberry bushes in this park.In Baba Aman there are facilities including restaurant, motels, bakery, children`s park and seasonal craft fairs are also held in this park. A branch of Atrak River is another attraction of Baba Aman. This branch makes the enthusiasts to spend hours to fishing. Also, there are several trout ponds in the park run by private sectors. In other beautiful scenery of the park is Pardisan wildlife, in west part of Baba Aman, in which you can find the diversity of plant and animal species of north Khorasan. There are rare animals in this park including; deer, rams, ewes.