ENGLISH / Cities / Khorram abad City Khorram abad City Eilam KHORRAM ABAD Lorestan Roof Introduction The Capital of Lorestan Province, Khorramabad is located among the valleys of the Zagros Mountain range and as the roads connecting Tehran-Khuzestan pass through it, it is considered a strategic city. Khorramabad neighbors the cities of Selseleh in the north, Boroujerd in the northeast, Doroud and Aligoudarz in the east, Andimeshk in the south and Doureh and Pol-e Dokhtar in the west and southwest.The history of the city dates back to the Elamite era when it was named Khaidalou. The Sassanids (226-651 CE) founded a city named Shapur-Khwast on the ruins of Khaidalou and Shapur I (215-270 CE) built a fortress there which is known today as Falak-ol-Aflak Castle.The history of the city dates back to the Elamite era when it was named Khaidalou. The Sassanids (226-651 CE) founded a city named Shapur-Khwast on the ruins of Khaidalou and Shapur I (215-270 CE) built a fortress there which is known today as Falak-ol-Aflak Castle.Khorramabad is famed for its lush landscape from scenic waterfalls and green valleys to forests, rivers and natural springs. Weather The climate is warm and temperate in Khorramabad. In winter, there is much more rainfall in Khorramabad than in summer. This location is classified as Csa by Köppen and Geiger. Famous Places Falak-ol-Aflak : Is one of the most impressive castles in Iran. It is situated on the top of a large hill with the same name within the city of Khorramabad, the regional capital of Lorestan province. This gigantic structure was built during the Sassanid era (226–651).Falak ol-Aflak castle is amongst the most important structures built during the Sassanid era. It has been known by a number of names since it was built over 1800 years ago. Recorded names have referred to it as Shapur-Khast or Sabr-Khast fortress, Dezbaz, Khorramabad castle, and ultimately the Falak ol-Aflak Castle. The Khorramabad River runs past the eastern and south-western side of the Falak-ol-Aflak hill providing the fortress with an element of natural protection. Today, the western and northern sides of the hill are bordered by the residential districts of Khorramabad.The foundations of the castle measure approximately 300 meters by 400 meters. The height of the entire structure, including the hill, reaches to 40 meters above the surrounding area. The castle itself covers an area of 5,300 square meters. It is 2,860 meters in perimeter and its tallest wall is 22.5 meters high. This space is divided into four large halls, and their associated rooms and corridors. Originally the castle used to have 12 towers, but only 8 remain standing today. Gerdab Sangi: Gerdab Sangi is located in Takhti Square in Khorramabad, Lorestan and is made of stones and plaster. It dates back to the Sassanid era (224-651 CE) and is a circular whirlpool built for the purpose of accurate and optimal distribution of water. Encircling several springs, the edifice sits near the prehistoric Qomri Cave. The construction was once used for rationing and distributing potable and agricultural water among local population and farmers. Its surrounding cylindrical stone wall has a height of 10 meters and a diameter of 18 meters.There are a few different-sized outlets in the wall for controlling the flow of water into a canal on the west of the structure. While originally there were 7 of such outlets, however, today only one is functional. This outlet measures 160 x 90 centimeters and opens and closes like a drawer. The water flowing out of this outlet, after a path of approximately 12 kilometers, would eventually make its way to a valley called Baba Abbas. In the vicinity of this valley, and the location of the ancient city of Shapurkhast, the remnants of an old mill, which was run using water from the springs, can be observed. Koogan Cave: This cave is one of the historical man-made caves dug out in the breast of the mountain. The said cave is 8 km. from Khoram Abad-Kermanshah Road. The cave is not within easy reach. Coins that have been discovered in the surroundings are related to the Parthian era. Throughout the ages the cave has served as a permanent shelter. Afrineh Waterfall: Afrineh waterfall is located in Lorestan province, in the path from Khorram Abad to Pol Dokhtar. This waterfall is located in a village with the same name. this beautiful waterfall attracts several enthusiasts and tourists to itself in spring and summer. Historical House of Akhund Abu: The historical house of Akhund Abu Khorram Abad which is known as “Tourism House” is located in Khorram Abad and in the western wing of the historical castle of Falak al-Aflak. This beautiful place is from the early Pahlavi dynasty. This precious relic which is also one of the oldest houses of Khorram Abad was recently registered in the list of Iran’s national relics with the registration number of 2432 and was renovated by the Cultural Heritage Organization. Mehri Temple: This temple is located to the south west of Khoram Abad and at a distance of 8 km. from Khoram Abad-Koohdasht Road. There is a crypt dug out in the mountain in ‘Baba Abbas’ Valley, which at present is a protected military area. Surrounding this crypt are a few columns and four stone walls. To the west of this crypt are stone steps , and higher up on the mountain side an open space, resembling a place for sacrifice exists. This area is 20 m. higher than the crypt. The crypt was a temple for ‘sun worshipers’. The tomb of Mama Jalaleh (the mother of Shah Khusheen) is also in the Baba Abbas Valley. Dousheh Cave: This is a painting gallery with more than 8 thousands years old. A live gallery named Dousheh cave located in Khorram Abad and includes 110 paintings carved by primary men on stones.This cave is located in Korshourab village, one of the environs of Changi county of Khorram Abad, and has preserved these paintings for several thousand years because of being safe from natural factors and therefore many of these paintings can be witnessed, which is an advantage that fewer such relics have. Mirza Seyed Reza Bazaar: This is a covered bazaar (with a roof), and was constructed in the year 1301 AH. in Khoram Abad. The same was a center of commercial activities even for the cities around Khoram Abad. The bazaar has two ‘alleys’- the eastern alley comprises of 24 shops and the northern alley 16 shops in number. The courtyard of bazaar also has 24 shops.This Bazaar is the center for buying and selling gold in the city of Koram Abad. Hareh Baq Graveyard: This Graveyard is located on a hillock in the village of Hareh Baq (Khoram Abad). A few of the graves here have ‘Kufic’ engravings on them dating to the 5th and 6th centuries AH. The tomb of Sheikh Mehdi, one of the reputed personalities of this area is in this cemetery.