ENGLISH / Cities / Qazvin City Qazvin City Eilam qazvin City on the Silk Road Introduction Qazvin is a pleasant city with a wonderfully restored caravanserai-turned-arts precinct, some quirky museums and a handful of decent eating options. Famed for carpets and seedless grapes, it was once the capital of all Iran, but for most foreign travellers it's primarily the staging point for excursions to the famous Castles of the Assassins and trekking in the sensational Alamut Valley. The city centre is Azadi Sq, widely known as Sabz Meydan. The bazaar and alleys to its southeast are the most atmospheric areas for random strolling. Weather In Qazvin, the summers are hot and clear, the winters are very cold and partly cloudy Qazvin is one of the coldest regions in Iran with an average daily high temperature of only 23 degrees centigrade. Famous Places Alamut Castle: Alamut Castle was originally built in the ninth century at an elevation over 6,800 feet. It was constructed in such a way that it only had one passable entrance that wound its way around the cliff, making the fortress difficult to conquer. But in 1090 A.D., a man named Hassan-i Sabbah was able to do just that.The name Alamut came from an ancient Persian King, who, while on a hunting expedition in a remote valley, followed an enormous eagle and saw it land on a rock at the top of a hard to reach mountain. The King took this as a favorable omen, and, realizing the strategic value of the location, built a castle there, naming it ‘Alamut’, meaning ‘the Eagle’s Nest’. Chehel Sotoun Palace: Chehel Sotoun Mansion or Pavilion is one of the important monuments of Safavid period in Qazvin located in the center of Qazvin City, south of Sabzeh Meidan (Azadi Sqaure) in a large garden. It is the only kiosk left from the royal palace complexes of Shah Tahmasp period. This monument was refurbished by Mohammad Bagher Sa'ad Al-Saltaneh, the then governor of Qazvin, in Qajar period and named "Chehel Sotoun". The murals of the first floor are a good example of Qazvin miniature and enjoy worldwide fame. The style of these murals has been inspired by political changes, in a way that the emergence of Nader Shah and Afsharid dynasty can be seen in Chehel Sotoun. Moreover, Qajar emergence can be seen in the third layer of the palace murals which have faded over time. This walls that are decorated with murals are unique, and the existence of three layers of murals demonstrate the passage of different historical periods.This monument is currently being used as museum of calligraphy. Aminiha Hosseiniyeh: Aminiha Hosseiniyeh is a historic hosseiniyeh in the Akhund (Molavi) neighbourhood of Qazvin, Iran. Built in 1858, it comprises 16 interconnected structures, constructed by a merchant called, Haj Mohammad Reza Amini. The public mourning area or Hosseinieh consists of three parallel halls running in an east to west direction with wooden sash windows that are inter linked with each other.The section under the halls comprises sectors such as the cellar, basement, store room, and kitchen which have access to the northern and southern courtyard. The north facing wall of the southern courtyard is of stone with innumerable embossments.The most beautiful part of Tuesday's home, which is located parallel to each other and are connected by beautiful sash is made. South Hall with no reins sash and colored glass art masterpieces, ceiling paintings, mirror work, hand wrapping around the bowl decorated with stucco and wood. Russian Church: The church was built in 1905 by the Russians in Qazvin.The chapel, like other churches, has a cruciform plan with the altar facing east. The entrance is surrounded by two walls adorned with crosses.There is a three-storey bell-house at the entrance that is bounded by a small dome. Hall includes a chapel and altar, and on both sides, are two rectangular areas. The altar is in the shape of a half circle covered over the dome. Regarding the exterior of the church, decorative columns can be seen. Its architectural planning is based upon an irregular polygon made out of red bricks. The first floor of the bell tower of the chapel gives great views of the surrounding field. The paved churchyard leads to many tombs, one of which belongs to a Russian pilot who was killed when his plane went down during the war.In front of the church is a memorial to a Russian road engineer.The church is sometimes referred to as the "Cantor" or "Kantur" church from the name of the area where it stands. Sardar Bozorg Water reservoir: Qazvin is known to have had close to, or in excess of 100 drinking water reservoirs called ab anbars before modernization in the 20th century. Only ten remain fully intact today. All are protected as national cultural heritage relics. One of the important Ab Anbars in Qazvin is Sardar e Bozorg, Two brothers by the names of Mohammad Hasan Khan and Mohammad Hosein Qoli Khan e Sardar who were commanders of The Qajar monarch Fath-ali shah’s army make a vow to build a mosque, school, and ab anbar in the driest part of the city they return victorious from a battle against the Russian army. This Ab Anbar was finished in 1812 (1227 AH lunar). Its walls are 3 meters thick. Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh: Sa’d al-Saltaneh Carvansarai in the 6.2 hectares area was built during the reign of Naser-al-Din Shah in Qajar Era in the center of Qazvin. It is one of the best Persia’s urban Carvansarais and the largest indoor inn in the world. The builder of this complex was Sa’d al-Saltaneh Isfahani for whom the Carvansarai is named after. The Carvansarai is built on a square plan with 4 Iwans facing a courtyard. Before the first World War, the Carvansarai was the center of trade and business in the city, but after the political changes in the Russian government,lost its connection bridge to Europe and the rest of Asia and continued its . . economic life half life. Some rooms of Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh was running as an independent trade stands And some for storage and a part of the Caravanserai became a cereal and raisin production plant. Tomb of Hamdollah Mostofi: Those who are interested to history and geology have surely heard of Hamdollah Mostowfi. He was a writer and historian at the Ilkhanate era, whose precious works have preserved his fame among the fans of various sciences. His tomb is located in a cellar, where a square shaped building was constructed upon it and was turned more into an octagonal shape than into a dome, and all around this building is decorated with Muqarnas. The azure cone shaped dome and the cerulean inscription which is written in Thuluth handwriting introduces Mostowfi’s ancestors and his works. This monument has been distinguished from other historical relics of the town because of the beautiful decorations of Mongol era at every point of this building. This is building is also known by the name of “the long dome” .This relic was registered in February 9th, 1940 as one of the national relics of Iran. Stone Porch of Niaq: In Niaq village, one of Qazvin environs, there is a relatively high rock in which large cavities have been created by natural factors. Inside some of these cavities, there are rectangular ponds carved by the probable residents. These ponds become filled when rain comes. Local residents believe that Muhammad Hanifeh has built a palace upon this porch, but nothing but some pieces of pottery is left from it today. Niaq village is located in the 17 kilometer distance of North of Qazvin and its one of the important grape cultivation centers of the province. Atigh Mosque of Qazvin: Jameh Mosque of Qazvin or Atigh Jameh Mosque or the Great Jameh Mosque is one of the greatest mosques in Iran and the oldest jameh mosque in Iran. Its primary building was built on a fire temple from Sassanid era (the fire temple was in the southern porch). The mosque is in a four porch style and is located in Qazvin City. The building was built to the order of Haroun al-Rashid in 192 hijri year. A part of the mosque (including the southern porch) was ruined when Monguls attacked Qazvin and since it was the most important mosque in the city. However, it was repaired in the following period. The monuments of several periods can be seen in this building and after the part from Sassanid era; the oldest part of it dates back to the second Islamic century. The porches were reconstructed in Safavid era. However, the eastern porch was repaired in Qajar period. Darb-e Koushk Gate: Darb-e Koushk Gate of Qazvin is one of the oldest gates of Qazvin town which used to be the gate to Alamout, Roudbar, Koushks and northern hunting ground of Qazvin. It has an arch and semicircular shape. Two arcades were built on each side of the corridor that are softly come out and implying an open arms status. This gate has only one view towards the suburban areas, and this view is tiled and Rasmi Bandi is used in it, and the inside looking wall is made of ordinary brick. The tiling of this building was done in the ruling time of Azed Al-Mulk Qajar. Ovan Lake: Ovan Lake is a small alpine lake in Alamut region of Alborz mountain range in the Iranian province Qazvin. The only tributary that flows into the lake is a stream with the same name, Ovan, coming down from northern mounts. The north of the lake is also surrounded by three small villages, namely from east to west: Varbon, Ovan and Zar-abaad. The lake is located in an altitude of 1,800 metres above sea level. The deepest section of the lake is 7.5 metres and extends over 70,000 square meters. Ovan Lake is suitable for fishing, swimming and riding boats in summer while in fall it hosts migratory birds and such species as swan, goose and duck. In winter, the lake can be used for sports such as skiing and ice skating while its surface becomes slippery with ice in winter.