ENGLISH / Cities / Bandar abbas City Bandar abbas City Eilam BANDAR ABBASS Land of thousand colors Introduction Strategically positioned overlooking the Strait of Hormoz and the entrance to the Persian Gulf, Bandar Abbas, known to most Iranians simply as ‘Bandar’, is the capital of Hormozgan province and home to Iran’s busiest port. Although Bandar isn’t blessed with many must-see sights, it's much more than a transport hub for Qeshm or Hormoz Islands. It's a lively city with a great bazaar, an appealing fish market, and plenty of atmosphere. Weather Bandar Abbas has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Maximum temperature in summers can reach 49 °C (120 °F) while in winters the minimum temperature may drop to 5 °C (41 °F). Famous Places Galehdari Bath: the same is the only historical bath in Bandar Abbas, and there is a strong possibility that this be related to the Safavid period. This bath is located in the Eivazi vicinity of the city. During the Qajar era, this bath was endowed to the Galehdari Mosque by Haj Sheikh Ahmad Galehdari. The structure is rectangular in shape and has small and large domes. Hindu Temple: The Hindu Temple in Bandar Abbas is a historical monument that was constructed in 1892 during the rule of Mohammad Hassan Khan Sa'adolmolk, Governor of Bandar Abbas. Much of the credit for its construction can be given to visiting Indian merchants and the Temple can be considered as one of the significant cultural interactions between Iran and India. It is one of the few historical structures in Bandar Abbas and is located on one of the port’s main streets and close to the bazaar. The Anthropological Museum of Bandar Abbas is located in the Temple.The Temple consists of a square room in the center of which is a jagged shaped, conical dome. The unique shelf-like architectural style of its dome not only sets it apart from other domes in Bandar Abbas, but also from any other domes in the country. The architecture of this structure is very similar to that of the Indian temples. Adorning the room are a number of shelves and frames. The altar is on the northern wing and is made out of wood. The room itself is surrounded by corridors which were utilized for pilgrims to circle the room. There are a few rooms connecting to the corridors for the clergies. Some of the rooms contain paintings such as that of Krishna, the Indian deity. Genoo Thermal Spring: This spring is situated at a distance of 34 km. northeast of Bandar Abbas and alongside the Bandar Abbas-Sirjan Road. The water from this spring which is calcium sulfuric in nature is used for irrigating the palm groves or plantations and also for bathing purposes. This spring is equipped with two segregated pools for ladies and gents. Hormoz Castle: This relic is one of the important vestiges from the times of the Portuguese and their domination on the coastal areas and islands of the Persian Gulf. The same is located in north of this island. This structure was constructed in the year 1507 AD. on the orders of Alfonso de Albuquerque the renounced Portuguese navigator. The same was constructed in a vicinity known as Murna. It is an irregularly shaped and multi-sided construction, with walls to the thickness of 3.5 m and towers reaching an elevation of 12 m. Khersin Salt Cave: There is a salt dome 3 kilometers from the north western side of Siaho and its main part is made of salt and there are very long salt caves in it. Salt dissolution forms are formed in the dome in various shapes. The salt dome of Khrsyn Siaho has exquisite views – especially the salt waterfall, various cressets with huge salt columns–for having unique features compared to other salt domes in the province. This area is proteceted by Department of Environmental Protectio Suru Ancient Quarter: Suru Ancient Quarter is located in Bandar-e Abbas and in the central part of Bandar-e Abbas County in Hormozgan Province and is one of the sights in Hormozgan in the southern side of Iran. Suru Quarter is in the western side of Bandar-e Abbas. Numerous coins from Sassanid, Safavid and Qajar eras have been discovered in the area, which are now kept in Bandar-e Abbas Museum. Considering the discovered coins, it can be found that Moluk Hormoz had been the owner of the bank and she would make gold coins apart from copper and silver. A total number of 64 gold coins made by Moluk Hormoz and Jerun were discovered in Godo Village in 1925.Suru Ancient Quarter and the old Suru Neighborhood in the northern side of Suru Neighborhood was in vast groves not so long ago which included thousands of date trees and different other trees such as lotus, Kurt, mesquite, tamarisk and milkweed trees. People of Suru spend 3 months in these groves in the summer.The historical structure of Suru with 87 hectare is the second historical structure in Bandar-e Abbas. This historical structure was registered by Supreme Council for Planning and Architecture in 1388. Zaar Ceremony: The believes regarding the winds of Zaar came all the way from Ethiopia to the Islamic land. “Hawa” people where those who involved by one of these winds. These are so to speak evil winds that possess a person, who then has to be freed from it by the performance of a special ritual. The person or patient possessed has to encounter with Baba or Mama Zaar, or the exorcist. This ceremony takes place on a Tuesday night. Before the ceremony men and women dress up, comb their hair and lavishly make the use of special scents. First a special potent is prepared for the patient, who Baba Zaar has kept under strict watch and away from the eyes of the others for a week. Within this time if the patient is a man, he is forbidden to set eyes on a dog, hen or any women ( if the patient is a women the case is the opposite). During this week the special potent is rubbed on the patient’s body and a little is also given to him to drink, whilst a few men and women with dark complexion having good voices beat the drums and dance. Before the ceremony is about to begin, a feast is spread out with an array of food, scented herbs and blood.The patient is compelled to drink blood, or else the wind will not speak up! During the dancing, the patient moves in rhythmic movements and gradually goes into hallucination. Now only Baba Zaar can contact with him or rather speak to him, who pleads with Zaar to relieve the patient. There after the patient is compelled to keep clean, wear white clothing, strictly avoid alcoholic spirits, and commit no sin, or else he’d be possessed by Zaar again. Khorgoo Thermal Spring: These three springs are located approximately 60 km. to the northeast of Bandar Abbas, and is accessible from the branch road running between Bandar Abbas to Sirjan. The first spring lies at a distance of about 28 km. from this point.The second spring is 1 km. to the east of the first. From Bandar Abbas to the fork of Khorgoo is a distance of 30 km. from where approximately another 20 km. is the site of the third spring. The water of the first two springs are sulfuric in nature. Qebleh Do’a Ceremony: This ceremony is performed when the rain fail to fall. The chief prayer leader arranges such that the congregation assembles at the public place for prayers or (Mossallah) for this event. Groups of children are sent out amongst the inhabitants to collect money and eatables. Whilst they are busy they chant songs and rhymes to do with rain. This continues till the night or even till another two days. The day after which the people set out to the Qebleh Do’a to eat the special food prepared (that has been blessed). Here the food is distributed amongst the poor and this takes another two days. Then according to the instructions of the chief prayer leader, the people of the city go on a fast for rain. They congregate in the mosques where the Holy Qoran is recited. On the fourth day the inhabitants join the assembly at the Qebleh Do’a where they plead for rain. As it is believed, the wishes of a person who is fasting is granted. On the final day of the ceremony, people wear white and clean apparel, and pray, after which the sermon is read and the prayer leader prays for rain and the congregation chant ‘Amen’. Hormoz Island: The same lies like an oyster shell amidst the waters of the Persian Gulf, covering an area of 41.9 sq. km. Hormoz Island is located to the southeast of Bandar Abbas and lies within 10 nautical miles from it.