Qom City

   

Qom City

Eilam

QOM


The capital of Iran's silk carpet

Introduction
Qom is the smallest province in Iran. It was previously a district belonging to the state of Arāk, then it was attached to Tehran until it was finally certified as an independent province.The province has an area of approximately 12,000 square kilometres. It is bounded by Tehran and Sāweh to the north, Delījān and Kāshān to the south, and the Salt Lake and Tafresh to the east. The province includes one city, four regions, nine rural districts and 256 villages.Qom pronunciation (Persian: قم‎) is the eighth largest city in Iran.Qom is considered holy by Shiʿa Islam, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatimah bint Musa, sister of Imam `Ali ibn Musa Rida (Persian Imam Reza, 789–816 AD). The city is the largest center for Shiʿa scholarship in the world.


Weather

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Qom has a hot desert climate (Köppen BWh) with low annual rainfall. Summer weather is very hot and essentially rainless.

Famous Places






Holy Shrine of The Lady Fatima Masooma:

The Shrine of Fatima Masumeh (Persian: حرم فاطمه معصومه‎) is located in Qom which is considered by Shia Muslims to be the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad. Fatima Masumeh was the sister of the eighth Imam Reza and the daughter of the seventh Imam Musa al-Kadhim (Tabari 60). In Shia Islam, women are often revered as saints if they are close relatives to one of the Twelver Imams. Fatima Masumeh is therefore honored as a saint, and her shrine in Qom is considered one of the most significant Shi'i shrines in Iran. Every year, thousands of Shi'i Muslims travel to Qom to honor Fatima Masumeh and ask her for blessings.








Jamkaran mosque:
Jamkaran (Persian: Jamkarān‎; also Romanized as Jamkarān, Jamgarān, Jam-i-Karān, and Jam‘karān) is a village in Qanavat Rural District, in the Central District of Qom County.Jamkaran is located on the outskirts of Qom, and is the site of the Jamkaran Mosque, a popular pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims from all over the world. Shia belief has it that Muhammad al-Mahdi—the Twelfth Imam, a figure from Shia eschatology who will lead the world to an era of universal peace—once appeared and offered prayers at Jamkaran. On Tuesday evenings large crowds of thousands gather at Jamkaran to pray and to drop a note to the Imam in a well at the site, asking for help with some problem.










Gonbad Sabz Garden:
At the end of Chahar mardan st, near Golzar Shohada and in east part of city inside a small garden known as Gonbad sabz garden Three historical remains from the eighth century AD. This area is well known in the neighborhood of Kashan gates and its dome is also known Kashan gate dome.Two dome of the set according to historical inscriptions, tomb of Prince ali Safi - Qom independent rulers in the eighth century. AH. Third dome unfortunately lost inscription and date and its owner is unknown, but according to different degrees, the dome is also historically the same period and probably belonged to another of the family of Ali Safi.












Qom natural history museum:
The museum has examples of mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, invertebrate fossils, and rocks and ores.
















Palang(leopard) darreh protest area:

With an area of 31 thousand and 735 hectares in the southwestern and fifty kilometers city of Qom is located. In northern areas Palang Darreh, Selafchegan district, in eastern areas Qomrood river and in western areas few small villages is located. According to the average height of one thousand and 950 meters above sea level rainfall in this region compared to other parts of Qom more. This area because of the leopard and the habitats of animals and plants it has long been known by that name. Palang Darreh nature rocky and hilly and plains constitute a small part also has cliffs and is suitable locations for wildlife including goats. And the main part of the area about 5 km in length due to natural features and vegetation and abundant springs is a haven for birds and other animals. The temperature in the area is between -15 to 35+ degrees and annual rainfall between 150-250 mm variable. Kinda cool climate of this area is mostly snow-covered in winter. Currently, 21 species of mammals, 52 species of birds, 13 species of reptiles and two species of amphibians have been reported in this area, hare, jackal, wolf, fox, wild boar, leopard, wild cats, hedgehogs, bats long wings, including hyenas and Iranian Jared this area is as mammals. As well as many species of birds such as quail, partridge, eagle, greenfinch, lapwing, owls, swallows, warbler black tail head and Tyhv Palang Darreh has been identified in the region. The most prominent groups of reptile fauna, which also have a good variety, so far, 13 species of reptiles belonging to 12 genera, six families and one side has been observed in the area. A variety of snakes, lizards, desert Bozmchh, turtles, reptiles examples of this region.

















Mozafar Abad castle:
Mozafar Abad castle around 5 km east of Qomrood village is located. works Mamalik engineer And named one of his sons. The castle has five towers, four towers at the four corners of the tower in the middle of the east side's fifth. The bathroom was also built next to the entrance.















Qom traditional art museum:         
The museum in the old neighborhood "garden cotton" is located and includes a collection of original artwork and customs of the people of Qom, as well as educational workshop and crafts including pottery, traditional Something is mosaic.











Geli castle:
After Mohammad Abad Kaj village At the foot of the limestone hills to the northeast The works of the old castle ruins can be seen. The castle is located next to Castle Rock Mohammad Abad, on the ruins of the Parthian period and it includes a long wall of bricks thick.











Dal'lak Bridge:

It is belonging to Safavid period, on the road Safavid period Tehran to Qom is located and nowadays damaged. After past Shoorbeh river bridge going to Hoze Soltan inn and from middle salt lake and top of SadrAbabd and Dal'lak inns after past Dal'lak bridge will arrive Qom. In the late 19th century due to the redirection of the river Saveh And the inevitable expansion of the salt lake, traffic was stopped on the road and the road today Tehran - Qom that is related to the Qajar era, was replaced. The bridge is 153 meters long in total, 6 to 5/80 meters wide and has 18 spans. The longest section of the bridge is 70 meters. Has seven spans the width of the opening over 5 to 6/50 meters.