Busher City

   

Busher City

Eilam


BUSHER


         Half  Of The World

Introduction

Bushehr port, the capital of Bushehr province, in the southwest of Iran and adjacent to the Persian Gulf, has long been one of the most important ports in Iran both commercially and strategically. Since 1734, when Nadir Shah selected  Bushehr as his naval base, this port of reopened . Bushehr is located at an altitude of 18 meters from the sea level and is from the north, west and south of the Persian Gulf and is considered a peninsular. According to the 1995 census, the population of the coastal city is 298,945. The language of the majority is Bushehr Persian, which is blended with local accent.History considers the founding of the port of Bushehr as attributable to Ardeshir Sassanid, and has been named in the historical documents named Ram Ardashir. At that time, the port was considered one of the most important ports of the Sassanian army, and at the same time it was regarded as an important commercial center, which was interchanged with the rest of the country in the south.Bushehr is one of the first Iranian cities to enter the lithography industry. For this reason, the people of this city were the first people to be acquainted with the culture of the journal and magazine in Iran. The Persian Gulf newspapers, Mozafari and South Call were among the first publications to be published in Bushehr.Based on some sources in Bushehr, the city is named for the reason because of the difference in the surface with Rishahar (a historical city near Bushehr). In the historical books of Bushehr, there are several other names, including Abu Shahr, Ramaddeshir, Bakhti Artashir and Liang.The present Bushehr has a region with an old texture located in the northern part of it. The coastal area of this area was registered under number 2360 in 1378 as one of the national works of Iran. By the year 1335, the Bushehr port was more restricted to this area, with the largest urban activity concentrated.



 

Weather

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Bushehr climate is semi-desert climate and rainfall periods are very variable 

Famous Places


Qavam water Reservoir:
One of the historic and spectacular monuments located on the western shore of  Bushehr, in the central part of the city,is the Qawam Water Reservoir. The building  dates back to about 150 years.Abanbar  Qavam is slightly more than 62 meters  high,  60 meters underground and two meters  remaining on the ground. The frame  and  vault are made of precious stones, with three  separate pillars covered by four  vaults.  The inner walls of the water tank are covered with  a very tight stucco, and  the  windows are 120 * 90 in size with the same spacing of the  exterior wall of the  building. Nowadays this Abanbar has become a traditional cafe.









Caseroni Mansion:

Cazerooni mansion of Bushehr, located in the old neighborhood of Behbahani, was built in the early period of Qajar era, which at that time belonged to Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazerooni, a famous businessman of Bushehri. On October 10, 2001, this mansion with the number 4045 was registered to the national monuments of Iran and its license was installed by the time governor on the World Tourism Day.The construction is such buildings  similar to the buildings of the Bombay and Karachi ports, and the construction of similar buildings in other parts of the southern coast of Iran has also become commonplace. In the past, houses in Bushehr were built at very close distances, which sometimes reached less than one meter. The construction of multi-storey houses is also commonplace and has high altitudes and having multiple doors and windows in larger rooms to lower the temperature, features homes similar to the Caseroni Mansion. The availability of high-staggered floors made it possible to heat the varieties in warm seasons.







Kuti mansion:
on Bushehr coastal street in the old quarter of Kouti, overlooking the Persian Gulf, is an Sassanid era mansion called Kuti! This mansion was registered on October 10, 2001 with the number 3995 to record national works of Iran. Unfortunately, this happened when damage to the mansion was irreparably damaged.The Kuti mansion is the oldest building in the British Consulate in Bushehr, a memorial to the British domination of southern Iran. The neighborhood of Kuti has got its name from this mansion.After the nationalization of the oil industry followed by the departure of the British from Bushehr, the Finance and Economic Administration, and then the Agricultural Office, took over the building of Kuwait's Mansion. After the revolution during the Iran-Iraq war, Iraqi settlers were also settled in this building.







House of Raies Ali Delvari:
The house is located in the southwest of Delvar city, 42 km from Bushehr city, in the buildings of the late Qajar period. This building belongs to Constitutional leader Rais Ali Delvari and leader of the Tangestan and Bushehr uprisings against the British forces during the First World War. He was bullied and martyred in the British invasion of Bushehr in the midst of a war after many sons at the age of 33. This house, which was registered in Iran in 1997 with the number 1943, was donated to the Cultural Heritage by descendants of Rais Ali Delvari.The house has a simple and modest construction, with its finery decorated in a little gilding. Bypassing the roof space, which is constructed on several pillars, there is a two-leafed wooden door that opens into the house. Then there is a corridor that has two symmetrical spaces on both sides. This path is about one or two steps from the lower entrance corridor and the level with the courtyard of the house. After reconstruction and repair, this house has become a cultural complex and an ethnographic museum.

 







Malek Mansion:
In a small distance from the Bahman Square in Bushehr, the building has been around 100 years old, a mansion called Malek, and at that time belonged to one of the wealthy merchants of the city, Hamad Mehdi Malek al-Tajar.The mansion, which has an infrastructure of 4,000 square meters, was designed and built by the French architects during the Qajar Dynasty. Malek al-Tajar was impressed by his palace architecture during one of his trips to Paris and meeting with the French Consul General. After that, he recruited the architect to construct a new building in accordance with his needs in Bushehr. The geometric combination of this building has become one of the most magnificent buildings in the south of the country.

The Malek mansion consists of several parts:
• A spacious open space that connects the city to the mansion complex and ends from the back to the headboard and main building. 
• A platform with a huge table and a row of stairs connected to the main building.
• The enclosure, with three pairs of pillars attached to the main building, includes the porch space. In this section, the large décor is made of ebony wood and decorated with decorative metalwork.
• The largest part of this two-story and circular building is with painted walls. The first floor was dedicated to the banquets of Malik Al-Tajar, and the floor was built with the same ground floor for the official appointments of Malik Al-Tajar.







 
Sa'adat school:
The Sa'adat School, which is located on Imam Street, was founded during the Qajar period (1278). Historically, this school is the mother of the Southern Schools, because it was the first school to begin with the goal of approaching modern educational methods.In the nineteenth century, the port of Bushehr was considered the most prominent commercial port in southern Iran due to significant advances in economic and cultural spheres. As a result, Bushehr became the bedrock for important cultural developments of the era. Ahmad Khan Dariyegi, the ruler of Bushehr's time, was working to create a favorable context for the needs of the city in 1278 AH, along with Sheikh Mohammad Sa'adat and his brother Sheikh Abdul Karim, the Saadat School of Bushehr. The establishment of this school was marked by considerable public acceptance. The school was so well-run that a large number of science and technology enthusiasts went to school, as the number of students increased from 70 to 450 for just two years.The Sa'adat School achieved tremendous achievements during its centuries-old life. Many politicians, teachers, teachers and even martyrs have graduated from this school.The Sa'adat School  was registered on February 12, 1999 with the number 2578 and the anniversary of its establishment has now been named as the National Day of Bushehr.










Old market:

The old Bushehr bazaar, located in the Deheshti neighborhood, is a historic  market that was built in the Qajar period.
 On March 28, 2006, the market with the number 18648 recorded the national monuments of Iran.















Lian tourism sample area:

This region has high potential for investment in creating a tourism complex. The design of the Lian tourism sample area has been approved. Among the facilities included in this plan is the construction of a hotel, a residential camp, a welfare service space and a water complex including boat rafting, jet ski, water park, sea cruises and beach sports.












 Mir Ahmad Hot spring:

Bushehr province has geological resources due to its vast resources of mineral springs and hot water. Each of these springs has the special properties of the minerals they contain. Among the minerals found in these waters are calcium sulfate, sodium chloride and magnesium.One of the most famous of these springs, the hot spring is Mir Ahmad , which is also called Boi. This spring is located in the village of Boi, or Mir Aahmad, on the road  Ahrom to khor moj.The water of this spring is useful for the relief and treatment of skin diseases, arthritis and rheumatism. The spring of Mir Ahahmad attracts many other tourists throughout the year, especially in the cold seasons, which are mild and spring weather in Bushehr.








Helle wetland:

One of the well-known wetlands of the southern regions of Iran is Helle wetland, which was created in 1342 due to the flood of the river Helle from the confluence of the two rivers Dalaki and Shapur. After that year, the Helle wetland was protected as a protected area and valuable treasures of wildlife and native and migratory birds were monitored and protected by the environmental organization of the Bushehr province.The area of the protected area is about 42,600 hectares and it can undoubtedly be considered one of the most scenic natural areas of the southern coast of the country. This wetland, located 10 kilometers northeast of Bushehr, supplies its water from winter rainfall and overflow of the Dalaki and Shapur rivers. The Gulf tide also plays a small role in the water supply of this wetland.The presence of the Helle River and the proximity of the wetland to the Gulf coast along with the diversity of vegetation has made it a special and rich habitat for the wildlife courtyard. The helle lagoon surrounded by a fortress on each side has ecosystems and special herbaceous and animal species that make it a site for research and tourist exploitation.












Nakhilu Island:

It is 5 km to 8 km from Amalekrom Island, an island called Nakhilu, which is of great environmental significance. It is important that each year, many migratory birds migrate to the island each year with the beginning of the spring season. In other words, gathering in large batches and widespread reproduction are the hallmarks of the birds on this island.













Kharko Wildlife Refuge:

Kharko Wildlife Refuge, consists of two islands of Khark and Kharko, with an area of 2398 hectares, located 4 kilometers from the north of the Persian Gulf.This area with an approximate area of 312 hectares is located 57 kilometers north-west of Bushehr port and became a protected area in 1346. Some time later, in 1354, this protected area was recognized as a wildlife refuge.Sandy, rocky and coral shores are beautifully surrounded by this area, and herbaceous and pasture coatings cover the alfalfa and annual grammar. The harbor is home to wild animals such as deer, rabbits, and turtles, and has plenty of birds such as Bigot, Bacchanal, Flamingo, Bacchanal, Martian.










Chah kutah  Forest Park:

The Chah kutah village,  is located in the central part of Bushehr, 50 km from the city and dates back to the Safavid period. In the past, the village was called a chah kutah due to the high groundwater level and the low depth of its water wells.the chah kutah is located in a plain area and its residential texture is centered. The type of climate and the resulting architecture are influenced by two natural factors: sandstone and wind blowing. The language of the village is Farsi, which speaks with local accent. These are Muslim and Shiite people.Following a plan for controlling and  fluent sands,the forest park was built in the 1350's and the planting and propagation of desert trees in the direction of desertification in the area became widespread. This forest park, which has become a habitat for the species of coastal birds, as well as a variety of plant species - a desert and tropical tree, is one of the main attractions of the Chah Kutah village. In the heart of this park, eye-catching paths have been created from desert trees that are adorned with birds singing and relaxing.The people of the village have their own rituals, including the prayer of the rain and the pray for sea. The use of wind instruments and strings in this event, along with the active presence of people, gives it an appeasement. Another traditional ritual in this village is the mourning day of Ashura and the traditional wedding ceremony.